Mahonia

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Ranunculales
Familia: Berberidaceae
Subfamilia: Berberidoideae
Tribus: Berberideae
Subtribus: Berberidinae
Genus: Mahonia
Species: M. arguta - M. aquifolium - M. bealei - M. bodinieri - M. bracteolata - M. breviracema - M. conferta - M. confusa - M. decipiens - M. dictyota - M. duclouxiana - M. eurybracteata - M. eutriphylla - M. fordii - M. fortunei - M. fremontii - M. gracilis - M. gracillipes - M. haematocarpa - M. hancockiana - M. japonica - M. leptodonta - M. lomariifolia - M. longibracteata - M. mairei - M. media - M. monyulensis - M. napaulensis - M. nitens - M. nervosa - M. nevinii - M. oiwakensis - M. pinnata - M. repens - M. setosa - M. sheniii - M. sheridaniana - M. siamensis - M. swaseyi - M. taroneasis - M. toluacensis - M. trifolia - M. trifoliolata - M. veitchiorum

Vernacular name
Internationalization
Türkçe: Sarıboya ağacı

Mahonia is a genus of about 70 species of evergreen shrubs in the family Berberidaceae, native to eastern Asia, the Himalaya, North America and Central America. They are closely related to the genus Berberis. Botanists disagree on the acceptability of the genus name Mahonia. Several authorities argue plants in this genus should be included in the genus Berberis because several species in both genera are able to hybridize, and because when the two genera are looked at as a whole, there is no definite morphological separation.[1] Mahonia typically have large, pinnate leaves 10-50 cm long with 5-15 leaflets, and flowers in racemes (5-20 cm long).

The genus name Mahonia honors the Philadelphia horticulturist Bernard McMahon who introduced the plant from materials collected by the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

The type species of the genus is Mahonia aquifolium, (Oregon-grape) from the Pacific coast of North America.

Several species are popular garden shrubs, grown for their ornamental evergreen foliage, yellow flowers in autumn, winter and early spring, and blue-black berries. The berries are edible, and rich in vitamin C, though with a very sharp flavor.

Selected species

Asia

* Mahonia bealei
* Mahonia bodinieri
* Mahonia bracteolata
* Mahonia breviracema
* Mahonia conferta
* Mahonia confusa
* Mahonia decipiens
* Mahonia duclouxiana
* Mahonia eurybracteata
* Mahonia fordii
* Mahonia fortunei
* Mahonia gracilipes
* Mahonia hancockiana
* Mahonia japonica
* Mahonia leptodonta
* Mahonia lomariifolia
* Mahonia longibracteata
* Mahonia mairei
* Mahonia media
* Mahonia monyulensis
* Mahonia napaulensis
* Mahonia nitens
* Mahonia oiwakensis
* Mahonia setosa
* Mahonia shenii
* Mahonia sheridaniana
* Mahonia siamensis
* Mahonia taronensis
* Mahonia veitchiorum

North and Central America

* Mahonia aquifolium
* Mahonia arguta
* Mahonia dictyota
* Mahonia eutriphylla
* Mahonia fremontii
* Mahonia gracilis
* Mahonia haematocarpa
* Mahonia nervosa
* Mahonia nevinii
* Mahonia pinnata
* Mahonia pumila
* Mahonia repens
* Mahonia swaseyi
* Mahonia toluacensis
* Mahonia trifolia

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

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