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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Maihuenioideae
Genus: Maihuenia
Species: M. patagonica – M. poeppigii
Name

Maihuenia (Phil. ex F.A.C.Weber) K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt. 754. 1898.
Lectotype species: Maihuenia poeppigii (Otto ex Pfeiff.) Phil. ex K.Schum., vide Britton & Rose (1919)

Synonyms

Basionym
Pereskia subg. Maihuenia Phil. ex F.A.C.Weber in Bois, Dict. Hort. 2: 938. Jul 1898.

Homotypic
Cactus sect. Maihuenia (Phil. ex F.A.C.Weber) Kuntze in Post & Kuntze, Lex. Gen. Phan. 87. 1903.
Opuntia [infragen.unranked] Etuberculatae Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1844: 49. 1845.

References

Britton, N.L. & Rose, J.N. (1919) The Cactaceae 1: 40.
Schumann, K.M. (1898) Gesamtbeschr. Kakt. 754.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Maihuenia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Maihuenia is a genus of cactus (family Cactaceae) and the sole genus of the subfamily Maihuenioideae, which is the smallest subfamily of the Cactaceae. The genus comprises two cushion-forming, mucilaginous species. They are found at high elevation habitats of Andean Argentina and Chile.

Its name is the Latinized version of maihuén, a local Chilean name for these cacti.[1][2]
Species

Image Scientific name Distribution
Maihuenia patigonica (8417531292).jpg Maihuenia patagonica Southern Chile
Maihuenia poeppigii 03.jpg Maihuenia poeppigii Chile and Argentina

References

Willy Cullmann; Erich Götz (Dozent Dr.); Gerhard Gröner (1987). The encyclopedia of cacti. Timber Press. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-88192-100-7. "maihuen = Chilean folk name"
Paul Fournier (1935). Les cactées et les plantes grasses (in French). Paul Lechevalier. p. cxxx. "De maihuen, nom indigène de la plante."

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