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Maihuenia poeppigii

Maihuenia poeppigii, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Maihuenioideae
Genus: Maihuenia
Species: Maihuenia poeppigii
Name

Maihuenia poeppigii (Otto & Pfeiff.) F.A.C.Weber ex K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt. 755. 1898.

Synonyms

Basionym
Opuntia poeppigii Otto & Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact. 174. 1837.
Homotypic
Maihuenia poeppigii (Otto & Pfeiff.) Speg., Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 48: 50. 1899, comb. superfl.
Pereskia poeppigii (Otto & Pfeiff.) Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849: 252. 1850.
Heterotypic
Maihuenia philippii F.A.C.Weber in Bois, Dict. Hort. 2: 939. 1898, nom. inval..
Maihuenia philippii F.A.C.Weber ex K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt. 757. 1898
Opuntia caespitosa Poepp., Reise Chile 356. 1835 nom. illeg. non Opuntia cespitosa Raf. ex Seringe (1830).
Opuntia maihuen Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 29. 1847.
Opuntia maihuen Gay ex C.F.Först., Handb. Cacteenk. 996. 1885, nom. superfl.
Opuntia philippii Haage & K.Schum. ex F.A.C.Weber in Bois, Dict. Hort. 939. 1898, nom. inval.
Pereskia philippii F.A.C.Weber in Bois, Dict. Hort. 939. 1898.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
Maihuenia poeppigii

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Southern South America
Argentina South, Chile Central

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Schumann, K.M. 1898. Gesamtbeschreibung der Kakteen (Monographia Cactacearum)... 755.

Additional references

Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O., Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C.F.S. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) 2008. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107(1): i–xcvi, 1–983; 107(2): i–xx, 985–2286; 107(3): i–xxi, 2287–3348. Reference page.
Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A. , Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Müller, A., Metzing, D., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B. & Berendsohn, W.G. 2021. Cactaceae at Caryophyllales. org–a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. Willdenowia 51(2): 251–270. DOI: 10.3372/wi.51.51208 Open access Reference page.

Links

Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Maihuenia poeppigii in Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org. A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Dec 30. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Maihuenia poeppigii in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Dec 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Maihuenia poeppigii. Published online. Accessed: Dec 30 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Maihuenia poeppigii. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Dec 30.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Maihuenia poeppigii in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
español: chupa sangre, espina blanca, espina del huanaco, hierba del guanaco, maihuén

Maihuenia poepigii, commonly known in Chile as maihuén or hierba del guanaco,[3][4] is a succulent cactus shrub native to Chile and Argentina. M. poepigii is remarkably tolerant to moisture[5] and cold temperatures.[6]

The specific epithet poepigii commemorates Eduard Pöppig, a 19th-century German naturalist who explored South America.[7]
Description

This is a cactus species forming dense cushions often consisting of hundreds of individual segments. The plant's specific physical characteristics are listed below:

Leaves: Small and succulent.[5]
Flowers: Showy, large, satiny and lemon-yellow in color. It flowers in late spring.[2][5]

References

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2017). "Maihuenia poeppigii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T152062A121520169. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T152062A121520169.en. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
Cactus Art Nursery. "Mauhenia poeppigii".
B., Michail. "Maihuenia poeppigii". Chile Flora.
"Maihuenia poeppigii". www.llifle.com. 14 November 2005. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
Siskiyou Rare Plant Nursery. "Maihuenia poeppigii".
Saul J. "Maihuenia poeppigii". Cacti of Patagonia.
Lodé, Joël. M. poepigii (PDF). Le Fichier encyclopédique des Cactées & autres Succulentes (in French). Aix-en-Provence: Édisud. p. 2359.

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