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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Malpighiaceae
Genera: Acmanthera – Acridocarpus – Adelphia – Aenigmatanthera – Alicia – Amorimia – Aspicarpa – Aspidopterys – Banisteriopsis – Barnebya – Blepharandra – Brachylophon – Bronwenia – Bunchosia – Burdachia – Byrsonima – Calcicola – Callaeum – Camarea – Carolus – Caucanthus – Christianella – Coleostachys – Cordobia – Cottsia – Diacidia – Dicella – Digoniopterys – Dinemagonum – Dinemandra – Diplopterys – Echinopterys – Ectopopterys – Excentradenia – Flabellaria – Flabellariopsis – Gallardoa – Galphimia – Gaudichaudia – Glandonia – Heladena – Henleophytum – Heteropterys – Hiptage – Hiraea – Janusia – Jubelina – Lasiocarpus – Lophanthera – Lophopterys – Madagasikaria – Malpighia – Malpighiodes – Mascagnia – Mcvaughia – Mezia – Microsteira – Mionandra – Niedenzuella – Peixotoa – Peregrina – Philgamia – Psychopterys – Pterandra – Ptilochaeta – Rhynchophora – Spachea – Sphedamnocarpus – Stigmaphyllon – Tetrapterys – Thryallis – Triaspis – Tricomaria – Tristellateia – Verrucularina

Name

Malpighiaceae Juss., Gen. Pl. [Jussieu] 252. (1789) nom. cons. as Malpighiae

Type genus: Malpighia L., Sp. Pl. 1: 425. (1753)

References

Jussieu, A.L. de 1789. Genera Plantarum (Jussieu) 252.
Anderson, W.R. 2006. Eight segregates from the neotropical genus Mascagnia (Malpighiaceae). Novon: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 16(2): 168-204. DOI: 10.3417/1055-3177(2006)16[168:ESFTNG]2.0.CO;2 Paywall PDF Reference page.
Anderson, W.R. & Davis, C.C. 2006. Expansion of Diplopterys at the expense of Banisteriopsis (Malpighiaceae). Harvard Papers in Botany 11(1): 1-16. DOI: 10.3100/1043-4534(2006)95[1:EODATE]2.0.CO;2 Paywall PDF Reference page.
Anderson, W.R. & Davis, C.C. 2007. Generic adjustments in neotropical Malpighiaceae. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium 25: 137-166. PDF Reference page.
Davis, C.C. & Anderson, W.R. 2010. A complete generic phylogeny of Malpighiaceae inferred from nucleotide sequence data and morphology. American Journal of Botany 97(12): 2031-2048. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1000146 Open access Reference page.
de Almeida, R.F., Francener, A. & Amorim, A.M. 2016. A generic synopsis of Malpighiaceae in the Atlantic Forest. Nordic Journal of Botany 34(3): 285-301. DOI: 10.1111/njb.01016 Paywall 298793529 ResearchGate Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Malpighiaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Aug. 19. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Malpighiaceae. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 19 2020.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2020. Malpighiaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Aug. 19.

Vernacular names
中文: 金虎尾科

Malpighiaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. It comprises about 73 genera and 1315 species,[3] all of which are native to the tropics and subtropics. About 80% of the genera and 90% of the species occur in the New World (the Caribbean and the southernmost United States to Argentina) and the rest in the Old World (Africa, Madagascar, and Indomalaya to New Caledonia and the Philippines).

One useful species in the family is Malpighia emarginata, often called acerola. The fruit is consumed in areas where the plant is native. The plant is cultivated elsewhere for the fruit, which is rich in vitamin C.

Another member of the family, caapi or yagé (Banisteriopsis caapi), is used in the entheogenic brew known as ayahuasca.

One feature found in several members of this family, and rarely in others, is providing pollinators with rewards other than pollen or nectar; this is commonly in the form of nutrient oils (resins are offered by Clusiaceae).
Genera

Acmanthera
Acridocarpus
Adelphia
Aenigmatanthera
Alicia
Amorimia
Aspicarpa
Aspidopterys
Banisteriopsis
Barnebya
Blepharandra
Brachylophon
Bronwenia
Bunchosia
Burdachia
Byrsonima
Calcicola
Callaeum
Calyptostylis
Camarea
Carolus

Caucanthus
Christianella
Clonodia
Coleostachys
Cordobia
Cottsia
Diacidia
Dicella
Digoniopterys
Dinemagonum
Dinemandra
Diplopterys
Echinopterys
Ectopopterys
Excentradenia
Flabellaria
Flabellariopsis
Gallardoa
Galphimia
Gaudichaudia

Glandonia
Heladena
Henleophytum
Heteropterys
Hiptage
Hiraea
Janusia
Jubelina
Lasiocarpus
Lophanthera
Lophopterys
Madagasikaria
Malpighia
Malpighiodes
Mascagnia
Mcvaughia
Mezia
Microsteira
Mionandra
Niedenzuella

Peregrina
Peixotoa
Philgamia
Psychopterys
Pterandra
Ptilochaeta
Rhynchophora
Ryssopterys
Skoliopteris
Spachea
Sphedamnocarpus
Stigmaphyllon
Tetrapterys
Thryallis
Triaspis
Tricomaria
Triopterys
Tristellateia
Verrucularia
Verrucularina

References

"Malpighiaceae Juss". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.

Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.

Davis, C. C., and W. R. Anderson. 2010. A complete phylogeny of Malpighiaceae inferred from nucleotide sequence data and morphology. American Journal of Botany 97: 2031–2048.
Michener, C. D. 2000. The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press. 913 pp. (p. 17-18)
Vogel, S. 1974. Ölblumen und ölsammelnde Bienen. [Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt. 7]. 267 pp.

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