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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Malvoideae
Tribus: Malveae
Genera: AbutilonAcaulimalvaAkrosidaAlcea – Allosidastrum – Allowissadula – Althaea – Andeimalva – Anisodontea – Anoda – Asterotrichion – Bakeridesia – Bastardia – Bastardiastrum – Bastardiopsis – Batesimalva – Billieturnera – Bordasia – Briquetia – Callianthe – Callirhoe – Calyculogygas – Calyptraemalva – Corynabutilon – Cristaria – Dendrosida – Dirhamphis – Eremalche – Fryxellia – Fuertesimalva – Gaya – Gynatrix – Herissantia – Hochreutinera – Hoheria – Horsfordia – Iliamna – Kearnemalvastrum – Kitaibela – Krapovickasia – Lavatera – Lawrencia – Lecanophora – Malacothamnus – Malope – Malva – Malvastrum – Malvella – Meximalva – Modiola – Modiolastrum – Monteiroa – Napaea – Neobaclea – Neobrittonia – Nototriche – Palaua – Periptera – Phymosia – Plagianthus – Pseudabutilon – Rhynchosida – Ripariosida – Robinsonella – Sida – Sidalcea – Sidasodes – Sidastrum – Sphaeralcea – Spirabutilon – Tarasa – Tetrasida – Wissadula
Name

Malveae J.Presl (1826)

Type genus: Malva L., Sp. Pl. 2: 687. (1753)

Note: The generic circumscriptions in this tribe are not yet settled - see Discussion Page.
References

Presl, J.S. 1826. Flora Sicula: 173.
Aguilar, J.F., Fryxell, P.A. & Jansen, R.K. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and classification of the Sida generic alliance (Malvaceae) based on nrDNA ITS evidence. Systematic Botany 28(2): 352-364. DOI: 10.1043/0363-6445-28.2.352 Paywall ResearchGate Reference page.
Areces-Berazain, F. & Ackerman, J.D. 2017. Diversification and fruit evolution in eumalvoids (Malvaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 184(4): 401-417. DOI: 10.1093/botlinnean/box035 Paywall ResearchGate Reference page.
Donnell, A.A., Ballard, H.E. & Cantino, P.D. 2012. Callianthe (Malvaceae): A new genus of neotropical Malveae. Systematic Botany 37(3): 712–722. DOI: 10.1600/036364412X648689 Paywall ResearchGate Reference page.
García, P.E., Schönswetter, P., Aguilar, J.F., Feliner, G.N. & Schneeweiss, G.M. 2009. Five molecular markers reveal extensive morphological homoplasy and reticulate evolution in the Malva alliance (Malvaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50(2): 226-239. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2008.10.015 Paywall PDF Reference page.
Tate, J.A., Fuertes Aguilar, J., Wagstaff, S.J., La Duke, J.C., Bodo Slotta, T.A. & Simpson, B.B. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships within the tribe Malveae (Malvaceae, subfamily Malvoideae) as inferred from ITS sequence data. American Journal of Botany 92(4): 584-602. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.92.4.584 Open access Reference page.

Vernacular names
العربية: خبازاوية

Malveae is a tribe of flowering plants in the mallow family Malvaceae, subfamily Malvoideae.[1] The tribe circumscribes approximately 70 genera and 1040 species and has the greatest species diversity out the three tribes that make up Malvoideae (followed by Hibisceae and then Gossypieae). The flowers of Malveae are five-merous with a characteristic staminal column, a trait found throughout Malvoideae. Although there are not many economically important species within Malveae, the tribe includes Althaea officinalis, otherwise known as the Marsh Mallow.

The fruits of Malveae are generally schizocarpic, although some are functionally capsular. The tribe generally includes herbaceous plants, although Robinsonella includes some tree species. The tribe is a well supported monophyletic group, supported by chloroplast and ribosomal DNA.[2][3] Within Malvoideae, Malveae forms a monophyletic clade with Gossypieae, sister to Hibisceae. Malveae species are primarily found in the Americas, although genera within the tribe are also found in Eurasia, Australia, and Africa.[4]

The intergeneric relationships within Malveae are not well resolved. The tribe was originally split between Eumalveae, Malopeae, Sideae and Abutileae based on carpel arrangement, ovule numbers and the flowers' stigmatic arrangements,[5] however, now Malveae is generally grouped into 14 alliances (Abutilon, Batesimalva, Kearnemalvastrum, Malvastrum, Sphaeralcea, Modiola, Anoda, Gaya, Malope, Anisodontea, Malva, Sidalcea, Malacothamnus and Plagianthus). Recent ribosomal sequencing, however, suggests that these alliances are non monophyletic and may be better characterized by the presence or absence of involucre bracts (i.e., an epicalyx).[6] No new phylogenies have yet been proposed.
Genera

The following genera are recognized and as grouped from Bayer & Kubitzki(2003):[7][8][9]
Alliance Genera
Abutilon Neobaclea, Corynabutilon, Tetrasida, Hochreutinera, Abutilon, Billieturnera, Pseudabutilon, Allowissadula, Wissadula,

Bastardiastum, Bastardia, Herissantia,Bastardiopsis, Robinsonella, Akrosida, Dendrosida, Allosidastrum, Rhynchosida,

Krapovickasia, Malvella, Meximalva, Sidastrum, Sida
Anisodontea Anisodontea
Anoda Anoda, Periptera
Batesimalva Batesimalva, Horsfordia, Briquetia, Fryxellia, Bakeridesia
Gaya Gaya, Cristaria, Lecanophora
Kearnemalvastrum Kearnemalvastrum
Malacothamnus Phymosia, Malacothamnus, Neobrittonia, Iliamna
Malope Kitaibelia, Malope
Malva Alcea, Althaea, Malva, Lavatera
Modiola Modiola, Modiolastrum
Malvastrum Malvastrum
Plagianthus Hoheria, Lawrencia, Plagianthus
Sidalcea Callirhoe, Sidalcea
Sphaeralcea Sphaeralcea, Tarasa, Fuertesimalva, Calyculogygas, Monteiroa, Calyptraemalva, Napaea, Eremalche, Sidasodes, Acaulimalva, Palaua, Nototriche

Abutilon Mill.
Acaulimalva Krapov.
Akrosida Fryxell & Fuertes
Alcea L.
Allosidastrum (Hochr.) Krapov. et al.
Allowissadula Bates
Althaea L.
Anisodontea C.Presl
Anoda Cav.
Asterotrichion Klotzsch
Bakeridesia Hochr.
Bastardia Kunth
Bastardiastrum (Rose) D. M. Bates
Bastardiopsis (K.Schum.) Hassl.
Batesimalva Fryxell
Billieturnera Fryxell
Briquetia Hochr.
Callianthe Donnell (2012)
Callirhoe Nutt.
Calyculogygas Krapov.
Calyptraemalva Krapov.
Corynabutilon (K.Schum.) Kearney
Cristaria Cav.
Dendrosida Fryxell
Dirhamphis Krapov.
Eremalche Greene
Fryxellia D.M.Bates
Fuertesimalva Fryxell
Gaya Kunth
Gynatrix Alef.
Herissantia Medik.
Hochreutinera Krapov.
Hoheria A.Cunn.
Horsfordia A.Gray
Iliamna Greene
Kearnemalvastrum D.M.Bates
Kitaibela Willd.
Krapovickasia Fryxell
Lavatera L.
Lawrencia Hook.
Lecanophora Speg.
Malacothamnus Greene
Malope L.
Malva L.
Malvastrum A.Gray
Malvella Jaub. & Spach
Meximalva Fryxell
Modiola Moench
Modiolastrum K.Schum.
Monteiroa Krapov.
Napaea L.
Neobaclea Hochr.
Neobrittonia Hochr.
Nototriche Turcz.
Palaua Cav.
Periptera DC.
Phymosia Desv. ex Ham.
Plagianthus J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
Pseudabutilon R.E.Fr.
Rhynchosida Fryxell
Robinsonella Rose & Baker f.
Sida L.
Sidalcea A.Gray
Sidasodes Fryxell & Fuertes
Sidastrum Baker f.
Sphaeralcea A.St.-Hil.
Tarasa Phil.
Tetrasida Ulbr.
Wissadula Medik.

References

"Malvaceae Juss., nom. cons. subfam. Malvoideae tribe Malveae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-04-12. Retrieved 2010-05-27.
Alverson, W. S.; et al. (1999). "Phylogeny of the Core Malvales: Evidence from NdhF Sequence Data". American Journal of Botany. 86 (10): 1474–1486. doi:10.2307/2656928. JSTOR 2656928. PMID 10523287.
Baum; et al. (2004). "Phylogenetic Relationships of Malvatheca (Bombacoideae and Malvoideae; Malvaceae Sensu Lato) as Inferred from Plastid DNA Sequences". American Journal of Botany. 9 (11): 1863–1871. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.11.1863. PMID 21652333.
Kubitzski; Bayer (2003). The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Springer. pp. 225–311.
Bentham; Hooker (1862). Genera plantarum. pp. 195–213.
Tate; et al. (2005). "Phylogenetic Relationships Within the Tribe Malveae (Malvaceae, Subfamily Malvoideae) as Inferred from ITS Sequence Data" (PDF). American Journal of Botany. 92 (4): 584–602. doi:10.3732/ajb.92.4.584. hdl:10261/24879. PMID 21652437.
"Genera of Malvaceae tribe Malveae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
Data related to Malveae at Wikispecies
Hinsley, Stewart (2009). "Malvaceae".

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