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Melocactus curvispinus

Melocactus curvispinus (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cereeae
Subtribus: Cereinae
Genus: Melocactus
Species: Melocactus curvispinus
Subspecies: M. c. subsp. caesius – M. c. subsp. curvispinus – M. c. subsp. dawsonii – M. c. subsp. koolwijkianus
Name

Melocactus curvispinus Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 46 (1837).
Synonyms

Melocactus crassicostatus Lem., Cact. Aliq. Nov.: 13. 1838 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Melocactus obtusipetalus var. crassicostatus (Lem.) Lem. ex Miq., Monogr. Melocacti: 56. 1840 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Melocactus delessertianus Lem., Hort. Universel 1: 225–226. 1839 syn. sec. Hernández & Gómez-Hinostrosa 2011
Melocactus monvilleanus Miq. in Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 18(Suppl. 1): 133. 1841 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Melocactus brongnartii Hildm. in Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 2: 90. 1892 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
Melocactus ruestii K.Schum. in Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 6: 116. 1896 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Melocactus ruestii K.Schum., Verz. Cact.: 26. 1896 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
Melocactus rustii K.Schum. in Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 6: 116. 1896 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Cactus ruestii (K.Schum.) Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 3: 227. 1922 syn. sec. Hernández & Gómez-Hinostrosa 2011
Melocactus salvador L.Murillo in Circular 1897 (?). 1897 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
Cactus salvador (L.Murillo) Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 3: 228. 1922 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Melocactus guatemalensis Gürke & Eichlam in Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 18: 37. 1908 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Cactus obtusipetalus Britton & Rose, Cactaceae 3: 232. 1922 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
Melocactus guitarti León in Mem. Soc. Cub. Hist. Nat. Felipe Poey 8: 207. 1934 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Melocactus guitartii León in Mem. Soc. Cub. Hist. Nat. Felipe Poey 8: 207. 1934 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
Melocactus holguinensis Areces in Ciencias 10: 3. 1976 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
Melocactus jakusii Mészáros, Zoltan in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 22: 134, f. 6. 1976 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
Melocactus ruestii subsp. centalapensis Elizondo in Cact. Suc. Mex. 31: 54. 1986 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
Melocactus curvispinus subsp. cucutensis Xhonneux & Fern.Alonso in Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 26: 356. 2002 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Caribbean
Aruba, Cuba, Venezuelan Antilles
Regional: Northern South America
Colombia, Venezuela
Regional: Central America
Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
Continental: Northern America
Regional: Mexico
Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Pfeiffer, L.K.G. 1837: Enumeratio Diagnostica Cactearum hucusque Cognitarum: 46

Additional references

Villaseñor, J.L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559–902. DOI: 10.1016/j.rmb.2016.06.017 Online PDF Reference page.
Hernández, H.M. & Gómez-Hinostrosa, C. (2015). Mapping the cacti of Mexico part II. Mammillaria Succulent Plant Research 9: 1-189.
Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. 2012. Cactaceae. In Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 192–202. BHL Reference page.
Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A. , Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Müller, A., Metzing, D., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B. & Berendsohn, W.G. 2021. Cactaceae at Caryophyllales. org–a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. Willdenowia 51(2): 251–270. DOI: 10.3372/wi.51.51208 Open access Reference page.

Links

Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Melocactus curvispinus in Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org. A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Nov 29. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Melocactus curvispinus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Apr 03. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Melocactus curvispinus. Published online. Accessed: Apr 03 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Melocactus curvispinus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Apr 03.
Hassler, M. 2021. Melocactus curvispinus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Apr 03. Reference page.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Melocactus curvispinus.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Melocactus curvispinus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2018-04-14.
Melocactus curvispinus in Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. Accessed: 14 April 2018.

Vernacular names
español: Cabecinegro.

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