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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Bambusoideae
Tribus: Bambuseae
Subtribus: Arthrostylidiinae
Genus: Merostachys
Species: M. abadiana – M. anceps – M. annulifera – M. argentea – M. argyronema – M. bifurcata – M. brevigluma – M. brevispica – M. burmanii – M. calderoniana – M. caucaiana – M. ciliata – M. cirrhosa – M. exserta – M. filgueirasii – M. fimbriata – M. fischeriana – M. fistulosa – M. glabra – M. glauca – M. kleinii – M. kunthii – M. lanata – M. latifolia – M. leptophylla – M. magellanica – M. magnispicula – M. maguireorum – M. medullosa – M. multiramea – M. neesii – M. pauciflora – M. pauciflorus – M. petiolata – M. pilifera – M. pluriflora – M. polyantha – M. procerrima – M. ramosissima – M. retrorsa – M. riedeliana – M. rondoniensis – M. scandens – M. skvortzovii – M. sparsiflora – M. speciosa – M. ternata – M. vestita
Name

Merostachys Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 132, 249 (1824)
Type species: Merostachys speciosa Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 249 (1824)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Brasilocalamus Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 9: 10 (1933)

References

Sprengel, C. (1824) Systema Vegetabilium, editio decima sexta 1: 132, 249.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Merostachys in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 24. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Merostachys. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 24.
Tropicos.org 2013. Merostachys. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 24.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Merostachys. Published online. Accessed: 24 Nov. 2013.

Merostachys is a Neotropical genus of bamboo in the grass family.[2][3] It is found in South America and Central America from Belize to Paraguay.[4][5][6][7]

Species[1][8][9]

Merostachys abadiana
Merostachys annulifera
Merostachys argentea
Merostachys argyronema
Merostachys bifurcata
Merostachys brevigluma
Merostachys brevispica
Merostachys burmanii
Merostachys calderoniana
Merostachys caucaiana
Merostachys ciliata
Merostachys claussenii
Merostachys exserta
Merostachys filgueirasii
Merostachys fimbriata
Merostachys fischeriana
Merostachys fistulosa
Merostachys glauca
Merostachys kleinii
Merostachys kunthii
Merostachys lanata
Merostachys latifolia
Merostachys leptophylla
Merostachys magellanica
Merostachys magnispicula
Merostachys maguireorum
Merostachys medullosa
Merostachys multiramea
Merostachys neesii
Merostachys pauciflora
Merostachys petiolata
Merostachys pilifera
Merostachys pluriflora
Merostachys polyantha
Merostachys procerrima
Merostachys ramosissima
Merostachys retrorsa
Merostachys riedeliana
Merostachys rondoniensis
Merostachys scandens
Merostachys skvortzovii
Merostachys sparsiflora
Merostachys speciosa
Merostachys ternata
Merostachys vestita

Formerly included[1]

see Athroostachys Rhipidocladum

Merostachys capitata - Athroostachys capitata
Merostachys racemiflora - Rhipidocladum racemiflorum

References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Sprengel, Curt Polycarp Joachim. 1824. Systema Vegetabilium, editio decima sexta 1: 132, 249 in Latin
Tropicos, Merostachys Spreng.
Sendulsky, T. 1997. Twelve new species of Merostachys (Poaceae: Bambusoideae: Bambuseae) from Brazil. Novon 7(3): 285–307
Filgueiras, T. S. & A. P. Santos-Gonçalves. 2004. A checklist of the basal grasses and bamboos in Brazil (Poaceae). Journal of the American Bamboo Society 18(1): 7–18
Londoño, X. & L. G. Clark. 1998. Eight new taxa and two new reports of Bambuseae (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) from Colombia. Novon 8(4): 408–428
McClure, F. A. & L.B. Smith. 1967. Gramíneas -- Suplemento. Bambúseas. 1(GRAM–Supl.): 1–78. In P. R. Reitz (ed.) Flora Ilustrada Catarinense. Herbário "Barbosa Rodrigues", Itajaí, Brasil
The Plant List search for Merostachys
Judziewicz, E. J. 2000. Merostachys. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): I. Subfamilies Anomochlooideae, Bambusoideae, Ehrhartoideae, and Pharoideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 39: 71–75

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