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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Cranichideae
Subtribus: Goodyerinae
Genus: Microchilus
Overview of species (151)
a

M. aguindae – M. alzatei – M. anchoriferus – M. anderssonii – M. andrei – M. arietinus – M. aspidogynoides – M. astilleroensis – M. atalayae – M. austrobrasiliensis
b

M. bangii – M. bimentatus – M. borjaquijosae – M. boyacanus – M. brachyplectron – M. bravocollinus – M. brunnescens – M. buchtienii
c

M. callejasii – M. callophylloides – M. calophyllus – M. campanensis – M. campanulatus – M. canaliculatus – M. capitatus – M. caramantae – M. carbonerae – M. carchiensis – M. carinatus – M. carlos-parrae – M. caucanus – M. ceratostele – M. chicalensis – M. chingualensis – M. constrictus – M. crassibasis – M. cundinamarcae – M. curviflorus – M. cuscoensis
d

M. dolichostachys – M. dressleri – M. dryanderae
e

M. ecuadorensis – M. ensicalcar – M. epiphyticus – M. erythrodoides
f

M. familiaris – M. federalensis – M. fendleri – M. forceps – M. fosbergii – M. fosteri – M. frontinoensis – M. fuscatus
g

M. gentryi – M. giraldo-gensinii – M. glacensis – M. globosicalcar – M. globosus – M. guianensis
h

M. haughtii – M. hirtellus – M. huangobioensis – M. hughjonesii
i

M. ibaguensis – M. integer
k

M. kuduyariensis
l

M. laegaardii – M. lamprophyllus – M. laticalcar – M. lechleri – M. leucostictus – M. libanoensis – M. longiflorus – M. luniferus
m

M. maasii – M. machalillae – M. madrinanii – M. major – M. marulandae – M. meridanus – M. mexicanus – M. micayvallis – M. microcalcar – M. microcaprinus – M. minor – M. montanus – M. moritzii – M. mutisii
n

M. nigrescens – M. nugax
o

M. ormerodianus – M. oroensis – M. ortgiesii – M. ovalis – M. ovatus
p

M. pacaizapae – M. paleaceus – M. palmazuensis – M. panamanicus – M. paraisoensis – M. parvilabrum – M. pauciflorus – M. pedrojuanensis – M. perijanus – M. pimentelii – M. plantagineus – M. platanilloensis – M. platysepalus – M. plowmanii – M. preslii – M. procerus – M. pseudobrunnescens – M. pseudocaucanus – M. pseudominor – M. putumayoensis – M. puyoensis
q

M. quadratus – M. queremalensis – M. quetamensis
r

M. rioesmeraldae – M. rioitayanus – M. riopalenquensis – M. ruizteranii
s

M. sanpabloensis – M. sarmientoi – M. schneideri – M. schultesianus – M. scrotiformis – M. sparreorum – M. sprucei – M. subquadratus
t

M. tequendamae – M. tessellatus – M. trianae – M. tridax – M. trifasciatus
u

M. uribei
v

M. valdivianus – M. valverdei – M. venezuelanus – M. ventosus – M. vesicifer – M. vilnerae – M. viridissimus
w

M. weberianus – M. whitefoordiae
x

M. xeranthum – M. xystophyllus
z

M. zeuxinoides – M. zingarae
Name

Microchilus C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 94 (1827)

Type species: Microchilus minor C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 94 (1827)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
References
Primary references

Presl, C.B. 1827. Reliquiae Haenkeanae 1: 94.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2003. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 3: Orchidoideae (Part two); page 121 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850711-9

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Microchilus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 May 30. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Microchilus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 May 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Microchilus. Published online. Accessed: 30 May 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Microchilus in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2019 May 30.
Tropicos.org 2019. Microchilus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 30 May 2019.

Vernacular names

перем коми: Микрохилус
коми: Микрохилус
кырык мары: Микрохилус
удмурт: Микрохилус

Microchilus is a neotropical genus of about 75 species belonging to the orchid family (Orchidaceae).

It was first described by Carl Borivoj Presl in 1827, but the genus was not widely recognized until it was separated in 2002 by P. Ormerod from the genus Erythrodes s. str.. It corresponds to its New World species. The two genera were distinguished by the different characters of the column and pollinia. One needs to dissect the flowers to see the difference at generic level with Erythrodes.

In 2005, another 32 new species were added to this genus by Ormerod (see : Reference).

The horticultural abbreviation for this genus is Mcr.
Species

Microchilus anchoriferus (Schltr.) Ormerod (2002) (Western South America)
Microchilus arietinus (Rchb.f. & Warm.) Ormerod (2002) (tropical America to Argentina)
Microchilus austrobrasiliensis (Porsch) Ormerod (2002) (Brazil)
Microchilus bimentatus (Dressler) Ormerod (2004) (Costa Rica)
Microchilus brachyplectron (Pabst) Ormerod (2002) (Brazil)
Microchilus brunnescens Ormerod (2005) (Ecuador)
Microchilus buchtienii (Schltr.) Ormerod (2002) (Bolivia)
Microchilus callophylloides (Garay) Ormerod (2002) (Ecuador)
Microchilus calophyllus (Rchb.f.) Ormerod (2002) (Costa Rica)
Microchilus campanulatus Ormerod (2005) (Venezuela)
Microchilus capitatus Ormerod (2005) (Peru)
Microchilus caucanus (Schltr.) Ormerod (2002) (Colombia)
Microchilus constrictus Ormerod (2005) (Amazonas)
Microchilus curviflorus Ormerod (2005) (Venezuela)
Microchilus densiflorus (Lindl.) D.Dietr. (1852) (Brazil)
Microchilus dolichostachys (Schltr.) Ormerod (2002) (Colombia)
Microchilus ecuadorensis (Garay) Ormerod (2002) (Ecuador)
Microchilus ensicalcar Ormerod (2005) (Peru)
Microchilus epiphyticus (Dressler) Ormerod (2002) (Costa Rica, Panama)
Microchilus erythrodoides (Schltr.) Ormerod (2002) (Colombia, Venezuela)
Microchilus fendleri Ormerod (2005) (Venezuela)
Microchilus fosbergii Ormerod (2005) (Colombia)
Microchilus glacensis (Dod) Ormerod, Lindleyana 17: 216 (2002) (Haiti)
Microchilus glanduliferus Ormerod (2005) (Venezuela)
Microchilus globosus Ormerod (2005) (Colombia)
Microchilus haughtii Ormerod (2005) (Colombia)
Microchilus herzogii (Schltr.) Ormerod, Lindleyana 17: 217 (2002) (Bolivia)
Microchilus hirtellus (Sw.) D.Dietr. (1852) (West Indies - threatened or endangered species; northern South America)
Microchilus hughjonesii Ormerod (2005) (Colombia)
Microchilus integrus Ormerod (2005) (Ecuador)
Microchilus kuduyariensis Ormerod (2005) (Colombia)
Microchilus lamprophyllus (Linden & Rchb.f.) Ormerod (2002) (Brazil)
Microchilus laticalcar (Dod) Ormerod (2002) (Dominican rep.)
Microchilus lechleri Ormerod (2005) (Peru)
Microchilus luniferus (Schltr.) Ormerod (2002) (Mexico to Central America)
Microchilus madrinanii Ormerod (2005) (Colombia)
Microchilus major C.Presl (1827) (north & west South America)
Microchilus mexicanus (Ames) Ormerod (2002) (Mexico)
Microchilus micayvallis Ormerod (2005) (Colombia)
Microchilus microcaprinus Ormerod (2005) (Peru)
Microchilus minor C.Presl (1827) (Peru)
Microchilus moritzii Ormerod (2005) (Venezuela)
Microchilus nigrescens (Schltr.) Ormerod (2002) (Costa Rica to Ecuador)
Microchilus ortgiesii (Rchb.f.) Ormerod (2002) (Colombia)
Microchilus ovatus (Lindl.) D.Dietr. (1852) (Colombia, Venezuela)
Microchilus paleaceus (Schltr.) Ormerod (2002) (Caribbean, W. South America to N. Brazil)
Microchilus panamanicus Ormerod (2005) (Panama)
Microchilus pauciflorus (Poepp. & Endl.) D.Dietr. (1852) (Brazil)
Microchilus pedrojuanensis Ormerod (2005) (Paraguay)
Microchilus peytonorum Ormerod (2005) (Peru)
Microchilus plantagineus (L.) D.Dietr. (1852) (Caribbean - threatened or endangered species; Venezuela)
Microchilus platanilloensis Ormerod (2004) (Costa Rica)
Microchilus platysepalus Ormerod (2005) (Colombia)
Microchilus plowmanii Ormerod (2005) (Peru)
Microchilus preslii Ormerod (2002) (Peru)
Microchilus pseudobrunnescens Ormerod (2005) (Ecuador)
Microchilus pseudominor Ormerod (2005) (Colombia)
Microchilus putumayoensis Ormerod (2005) (Colombia)
Microchilus quadratus (Garay) Ormerod (2002) (Colombia, Ecuador)
Microchilus rioesmeraldae Ormerod (2005) (Colombia)
Microchilus rioitayanus Ormerod (2005) (Peru)
Microchilus riopalenquensis Ormerod (2004) (Ecuador, Peru)
Microchilus rojasii Ormerod (2005) (Paraguay)
Microchilus schultesianus (Garay) Ormerod (2002) (Trinidad)
Microchilus scrotiformis (C.Schweinf.) Ormerod (2002) (Colombia, Venezuela)
Microchilus sparreorum (Garay) Ormerod (2002) (Ecuador)
Microchilus sprucei (Garay) Ormerod (2002) (Ecuador)
Microchilus tridax (Rchb.f.) Ormerod (2002) (Central America)
Microchilus trifasciatus Ormerod (2002) (Peru)
Microchilus valverdei Ormerod (2005) (Costa Rica)
Microchilus venezuelanus (Garay & Dunst.) Ormerod (2002) (Venezuela)
Microchilus vesicifer (Rchb.f.) Ormerod (2002) (Mexico to Peru)
Microchilus weberianus (Garay) Ormerod (2002) (Ecuador, Galapagos)
Microchilus xystophyllus (Rchb.f.) Ormerod (2002) (Venezuela, Brazil)
Microchilus zeuxinoides (Schltr.) Ormerod (2002) (Colombia)

References

Ormerod, P. 2002. Taxonomic changes in Goodyerinae (Orchidaceae: Orchidoideae). Lindleyana 17: 189-238
Ormerod, P. 2005. Studies of Neotropical Goodyerinae (Orchidaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 9: 391–423
New species : Orchid Research Newsletter 47 (January 2006); Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.

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