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Minthostachys

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Lamiales
Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Genus: Minthostachys
Species: Minthostachys mollis

Name

Minthostachys mollis Griseb.

References

* Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19:235; Pl. lorentz. 187. 1874
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]

Minthostachys mollis (muña) is a medicinal plant restricted to the South American Andes from Venezuela to Bolivia. It is the most variable and widely distributed species of the genus Minthostachys.

Medicinal uses

In the indigenous medicine traditions of the Andes, the plant is made into tea and used medicinally as a carminative and aphrodisiac.

Etymology

Its common name "muña" comes from Quechua.

Chemical characteristics

The principal components of essential oil are as follows:

* pulegone
* menthone
* menthol
* (-)-ß-pinene
* (-)-α-pinene
* limonene
* isomenthone
* piperic acid
* eucalyptol
* carvone


Pharmacological characteristics

Internal External
Digestive aid Rheumatic pain relief
Antispasmodic (cramp and spasm relief) Expelling activity against ectoparasites
Antidiarrheal (symptomatic relief for diarrhea)
Anthelmintic (expelling parasitic worms)
Carminative (against cramps in the digestive tract)
Emmenagogue (stimulating blood flow in the pelvic area
and uterus, thus sometimes stimulating menstruation)
Inhalations against catarrh and sinusitis

Notes

References

* USDA, ARS, GRIN. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Minthostachys mollis information from NPGS/GRIN (7 September 2008)

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License