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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Arundinoideae
Tribus: Molinieae
Genus: Molinia
Species: M. caerulea – M. japonica

Molinia Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 100, 334 (1789)
Type species: Molinia caerulea (L.) Moench, Methodus: 183 (1794)


Amblytes Dulac
Enodium Pers. ex Gaudin
Moliniopsis Hayata
Monilia Gray, orth. var.


Schrank, F. von P. von (1789) Baiersche Flora 1: 100, 334.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Molinia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 6. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Molinia. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 6. 2013. Molinia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 6.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Molinia. Published online. Accessed: 6 Nov. 2013.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Molinia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2009-02-04.

Vernacular names
English: Moor Grasses
suomi: Siniheinät
français: Molinie

Molinia, or moor grass, is a genus of two species of flowering plants in the grass family, native to damp moorland in Eurasia and northern Africa.[4] They are both herbaceous perennial grasses.[5][6][7]

The genus is named after Juan Ignacio Molina, a 19th-century Chilean naturalist.[8]


Molinia caerulea (L.) Moench - (purple moor grass) - Eurasia + northern Africa from Ireland + Morocco to Ethiopia + Kazakhstan; naturalized in parts of United States + Canada
Molinia japonica Hack. (Japanese moor grass) - Japan, Korea, Anhui, Zhejiang, Sakhalin, Kuril

formerly included[3]

see Arctophila Catabrosa Cleistogenes Diarrhena Disakisperma Festuca Glyceria Poa Puccinellia

Molinia aquatica - Catabrosa aquatica
Molinia distans - Puccinellia distans
Molinia distans var. reptans - Puccinellia maritima
Molinia fauriei - Diarrhena fauriei
Molinia fluitans - Glyceria fluitans
Molinia maritima - Puccinellia maritima
Molinia maxima - Glyceria maxima
Molinia olgae - Festuca olgae
Molinia pendulina - Arctophila fulva
Molinia plicata - Glyceria fluitans
Molinia remota - Poa remota
Molinia retusa - Disakisperma dubium
Molinia serotina - Cleistogenes serotina
Molinia spiculosa - Glyceria spiculosa
Molinia squarrosa - Cleistogenes squarrosa


lectotype designated by Hitchcock, U.S. Dept. Agric. Bull. 772: 50 (1920)
1885 illustration by Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm Thomé Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, Gera, Germany
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Schrank, Franz von Paula von 1789. Baiersche Flora 1: 100, 334
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 447 麦氏草属 mai shi cao shu Molinia Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 100, 334. 1789
Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Molinia
Burkhardt, Lotte (2018). Verzeichnis eponymischer Pflanzennamen – Erweiterte Edition [Index of Eponymic Plant Names – Extended Edition] (pdf) (in German). Berlin: Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum, Freie Universität Berlin. doi:10.3372/epolist2018. ISBN 978-3-946292-26-5. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
The Plant List search for Molinia

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