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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Molluginaceae
Genera (Sensu Thulin et al., 2016): AdenogrammaCoelanthumGlinusHypertelisMollugoParamollugoPharnaceumPolpodaPsammotrophaSuessenguthiellaTrigastrotheca


Molluginaceae Bartl. Beitr. Bot. 2: 158. (1825) nom. cons.

Type genus: Mollugo L. Sp. Pl. 1: 89. (1753)


Pharnaceaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 477. (1820) (“Pharnaceae”)
Type: Pharnaceum L.
Glinaceae Mart., Consp. Regn. Veg.: 64. (1835) (“Glinoideae”)
Type: Glinus L.
Adenogrammaceae Nakai in J. Jap. Bot. 18: 101. (1942) (“Adenogrammataceae”)
Type: Adenogramma Rchb.
Polpodaceae Nakai in J. Jap. Bot. 18: 102. (1942)
Type: Polpoda C.Presl


Bartling, F.G. 1825. Beiträge zur Botanik 2: 158.
Christenhusz, M.J.M., Brockington, S.F., Christin, P.A. & Sage, R.F. 2014. On the disintegration of Molluginaceae: a new genus and family (Kewa, Kewaceae) segregated from Hypertelis, and placement of Macarthuria in Macarthuriaceae. Phytotaxa 181(4): 238–242. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.181.4.4 Full text PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.
Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., Mering, S. v., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler R., Ocampo G., Ochoterena, H., Oxelman, B., Rabeler, R. K., Sanchez, A., Schlumpberger, B. O. & Uotila, P. 2015. A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Willdenowia 45(3): 281–383. DOI: 10.3372/wi.45.45301 Open access Reference page.
The Plant List 2013. Molluginaceae in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2014 Oct. 10.
Thulin, M., Moore, A.J., El-Seedi, H., Larsson, A., Christin, P.A. & Edwards, E.J. 2016. Phylogeny and generic delimitation in Molluginaceae, new pigment data in Caryophyllales, and the new family Corbichoniaceae. Taxon 65(4): 775–793. DOI: 10.12705/654.6 Full text PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Molluginaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 10 Oct. 2014.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Molluginaceae. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 14 2014.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Mollugogewächse
français: Molluginacées
svenska: Kransörtsväxter
中文: 粟米草科

The Molluginaceae are a family of flowering plants recognized by several taxonomists. It was previously included in the larger family Aizoaceae. The APG III system of 2009 made no change in the status of the family as compared to the APG II system of 2003 and the APG system of 1998, apart from a reassignment of several genera, such as the placement of Corrigiola and Telephium into Caryophyllaceae, Corbichonia in Lophiocarpaceae, Microtea into Microteaceae and Limeum in Limeaceae, because the family was found to be widely polyphyletic in Caryophyllales. In addition Macarthuria was found not to be related to Limeum as previously thought and thus it was placed in Macarthuriaceae, and similarly species formerly placed in Hypertelis, apart from type species Hypertelis spergulacea, a true Molluginaceae, were found to belong elsewhere and were described as Kewa in the family Kewaceae, named for the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew.[2] Molluginaceae is still assigned to the order Caryophyllales in the clade core eudicots, although the generic circumscription is difficult because Mollugo is not monophyletic.


Molluginaceae in its current circumscription includes ca 9 genera and ca 80 known species[3]

Adenogramma Rchb.
Coelanthum E.Mey. ex Fenzl
Glinus L.
Glischrothamnus Pilg.
Hypertelis E.Mey. ex Fenzl
Mollugo L.
Pharnaceum L.
Polpoda C.Presl
Psammotropha Eckl. & Zeyh.
Suessenguthiella Friedrich

Excluded genera

Corbichonia Scop. (now correctly placed in Lophiocarpaceae)
Corrigiola L. (now correctly placed in Caryophyllaceae)
Kewa Christenh. (correctly placed in Kewaceae)
Limeum L. (now correctly placed in Limeaceae)
Macarthuria Hugel ex Endl. (now correctly placed in Macarthuriaceae
Orygia Forssk. = Corbichonia Scop. (Lophiocarpaceae)
Semonvillea J.Gay = Limeum L. (Limeaceae)
Telephium L. (now correctly placed in Caryophyllaceae)

Genera listed in Tropicos

Tropicos currently includes 12 genera.[4]

Genus Author Reference Date
Adenogramma Rchb. Icon. Bot. Exot. 2: 3 1828
Coelanthum E. Mey. ex Fenzl Ann. Wiener Mus. Naturgesch. 1: 353 1836
Glinus L. Sp. Pl. 1: 463 1753
Glischrothamnus Pilg. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40: 396 1908
Hypertelis E. Mey. ex Fenzl Ann. Wiener Mus. Naturgesch. 1: 352 1836
Mollugo L. Sp. Pl. 1: 89 1753
Orygia[note 1] Forssk. Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 103 1775
Paramollugo Thulin Taxon 65(4): 784 2016
Pharnaceum L. Sp. Pl. 1: 272 1753
Polpoda C. Presl Polpoda [Nov. Pl. Gen.] 1829
Psammotropha Eckl. & Zeyh. Enum. Pl. Afr. Austral. 286 1836
Suessenguthiella Friedrich Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 2(12): 60–62, f. A 1955


Orygia may be synonomus with Corbichonia in the family Lophiocarpaceae[5]


Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
Christenhusz, Maarten J.M.; Brockington, Samuel F.; Christin, Pascal-Antoine; Sage, Rowan F. (8 October 2014). "On the disintegration of Molluginaceae: a new genus and family (Kewa, Kewaceae)". Phytotaxa. 181 (4): 238–243. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.181.4.4.
Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
"Tropicos.org". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
"The Plant List". 1.1. 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2017.

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