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Monotropa hypopithys

Monotropa hypopithys

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Ericaceae
Subfamilia: Monotropoideae
Tribus: Monotropeae
Genus: Monotropa
Species: Monotropa hypopitys
Name

Monotropa hypopitys L., 1753
Synonyms

Hypopitys americana (DC.) Small
Hypopitys dentata Rafin.
Hypopitys europaea Nutt.
Hypopitys fimbriata (A.Gray) T.J.Howell
Hypopitys glabra DC.
Hypopitys gracilescens Domin
Hypopitys hypopitys Small
Hypopitys insignata E.P.Bicknell
Hypopitys lanuginosa (Michx.) Raf.
Hypopitys latisquama Rydb.
Hypopitys lutea S.F.Gray
Hypopitys monotropa subsp. monotropa
Hypopitys multiflora Scop.
Hypopitys multiflora var. glabra Ledeb.
Hypopitys racemosa Rafin.
Hypopitys rivini Rupp.
Hypopitys secunda Rafin.
Hypopitys stricta Rafin.
Monotropa abietina Dum.
Monotropa chinensis Koidz.
Monotropa epirrhizium St.Lag.
Monotropa fimbriata A.Gray
Monotropa flagrans Gilib.
Monotropa glabra Reichenb.
Monotropa hirsuta Hornem.
Monotropa hypopitys var. americana (DC.) Domin
Monotropa hypopitys f. atricha (Domin) Kitag.
Monotropa hypopitys subvar atricha Domin
Monotropa hypopitys var. glaberrima H.Hara
Monotropa hypopitys subsp. glabra (Roth) Schübler & Martens
Monotropa hypopitys var. glabra Roth
Monotropa hypopitys var. gracilescens Domin
Monotropa hypopitys var. hirsuta Roth
Monotropa hypopitys var. japonica Franch. & Sav.
Monotropa hypopitys subsp. lanuginosa (Michx.) H.Hara
Monotropa hypopitys var. latisquama (Rydb.) Kearney & Peebles
Monotropa hypopitys var. rubra (Torr.) Farw.
Monotropa hypoxya Spreng.
Monotropa lanuginosa Michx.
Monotropa latisquama (Rydb.) Hulten
Monotropa multiflora (Scop.) Fritsch
Monotropa nepalensis Wall.
Monotropa procera Eaton
Monotropa squamiformis Dulac
Monotropa taiwaniana Ying
Orobanche hypopitys Hill

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Eurasia
Austria, Belgium, England, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Switzerland, Netherlands, Hungary, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, N-, W-, C- & E-European Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Portugal, Spain, Baleares, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Montenegro, Serbia & Kosovo, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Crimea, Algeria, Northern Caucasus, Azerbaijan, Georgia [Caucasus], Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, S-Siberia), Russian Far East (Sakhalin, Ussuri), Kazakhstan, Taiwan, Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu), North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia, Thailand, Myanmar [Burma], Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia), Cyprus (C-Mountains), Iran (N-Iran), Pakistan (Kurram, Swat, Hazara), Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir), Bhutan, Chumbi, China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, W-Hubei, Hunan, Jilin, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, N-Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnanameerica), Taiwan, Tibet, India, Sikkim, N-Thailand, Nepal
Continental: Northern
Alaska, USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming), Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Quebec, Saskatchewan), St. Pierre et Miquelon, Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas), Guatemala, Honduras

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus I. Pp. [I–XII], 1–560. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm]. BHL Reference page. : 387.

Links

Hassler, M. 2020. Monotropa hypopitys. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 May 22. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Monotropa hypopitys in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 May 22. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Monotropa hypopitys. Published online. Accessed: May 22 2020.
Tropicos.org 2020. Monotropa hypopitys. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 May 22.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Monotropa hypopitys in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
čeština: hnilák smrkový, samovratec
Cymraeg: Cytwf
Deutsch: Fichtenspargel
English: Dutchman's pipe, yellow bird’s-nest, pinesap
Esperanto: Pinasparago
suomi: Mäntykukka
français: Monotrope sucepin, Monotrope du pin, Sucepin
Gaelg: Buighan shellee
hornjoserbsce: Prawy bjezłopjenčk, Prawe hribowe zelo
日本語: シャクジョウソウ
қазақша: Шыршашөп
Nederlands: Stofzaad
polski: Korzeniówka pospolita
русский: Подъельник обыкновенный
slovenčina: hniliak smrekový
svenska: Tallört
Winaray: Hypopitys monotropa
中文: 松下兰

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