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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fagales

Familia: Myricaceae
Genera: CanacomyricaComptoniaMorellaMyrica
Paleogenera: †Myricamentum


Myricaceae Rich. ex Kunth: 16. nom. cons.

Type genus: Myrica L. Sp. Pl. 2: 1024. (1753)


Canacomyricaceae Doweld, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 105(5): 59. 2000

Richard, C.L.M. 1817. Nova Genera et Species Plantarum, (quarto ed.) 2: 16. BHL
Huguet, V., Gouy, M., Normand, P., Zimpfer, J. F., & Fernandez, M. P. (2005). Molecular phylogeny of Myricaceae: a reexamination of host–symbiont specificity. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34 (3): 557–568. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2004.11.018 Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Myricaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Nov. 18. Reference page. Accepts 3 genera; see discussion page.
Parra-O., C. 2002. New combinations in South American Myrica. Brittonia 54(4): 322–326. DOI: 10.1663/0007-196X(2003)54[322:NCISAM]2.0.CO;2 Reference page. Accepts 4 genera; see discussion page.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page. Accepts 3 genera; see discussion page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Myricaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 14 Mar. 2014. Accepts 3 genera; see discussion page.

Vernacular names
català: Miricàcia
čeština: Voskovníkovité
dansk: Pors-familien
Deutsch: Gagelstrauchgewächse
English: Bog-myrtle family
suomi: Norkkomyrttikasvit, suomyrttikasvit
日本語: ヤマモモ科
lietuvių: Sotvariniai
Nederlands: Gagelfamilie
norsk: Porsfamilien
polski: Woskownicowate
русский: Восковниковые, Восковницевые
українська: Мірикові
中文: 杨梅科

The Myricaceae are a small family of dicotyledonous shrubs and small trees in the order Fagales. There are three genera in the family, although some botanists separate many species from Myrica into a fourth genus Morella. About 55 species are usually accepted in Myrica (with Morella included), one in Canacomyrica, and one in Comptonia.[2]

Well-known members of this family include bayberry and sweetfern.

Canacomyrica Guillaumin 1940
Comptonia L'Hér. ex Aiton 1789
Myrica L. 1753 (includes: Morella Lour. 1790)


Modern molecular phylogenetics suggest the following relationships:[3]

Juglandaceae (outgroup)






Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
Xiang XG, Wang W, Li RQ, Lin L, Liu Y, Zhou ZK, Li ZY, Chen ZD (2014). "Large-scale phylogenetic analyses reveal fagalean diversification promoted by the interplay of diaspores and environments in the Paleogene". Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 16 (3): 101–110. doi:10.1016/j.ppees.2014.03.001.

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