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Narcissus bulbocodium

Narcissus bulbocodium (*)

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Narcisseae
Genus: Narcissus
Subgenus: N. subg. Narcissus
Sectio: N. sect. Bulbocodii
Species: Narcissus bulbocodium
Subspecies: N. b. subsp. bulbocodium – N. b. subsp. quintanilhae
Varietas: N. b. var. minor
Name

Narcissus bulbocodium L. (1753)
Synonyms

Homotypic
Narcissus turgidus Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 222 (1796), nom. superfl.
Corbularia bulbocodium (L.) Haw., Suppl. Pl. Succ.: 123 (1819).
Corbularia turgida Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 103 (1866), nom. superfl.
Narcissus bulbocodium var. genuinus Cout., Fl. Portugal: 140 (1913), nom. inval.
Narcissus bulbocodium subsp. vulgaris Cout., Fl. Portugal: 140 (1913), nom. inval.

Hybrids

N. × abilioi – N. × alejandrei – N. × alentejanus – N. × bakeri – N. × brevitubulosus – N. × caramulensis – N. × felineri – N. × fosteri – N. × gredensis – N. × lopezii – N. × montcaunicus – N. × neocarpetanus – N. × stenanthus – N. × turgaliensis – N. × xavieri
Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
SW. France to Iberian Pen.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 289. Reference page.
Marques, I., Nieto Feliner, G., Draper Munt, D., Martins-Loução, M.A. & Fuertes Aguilar, J. 2010. Unraveling cryptic reticulate relationships and the origin of orphan hybrid disjunct populations in Narcissus. Evolution 64(8): 2353–2368. DOI: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.00983.x Open access Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Narcissus bulbocodium in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 04. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Narcissus bulbocodium. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 04 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Narcissus bulbocodium in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 04.
Tropicos.org 2018. 100227874 Narcissus bulbocodium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 04 Aug. 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Narcissus bulbocodium in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Narcissus bulbocodium, the petticoat daffodil[1] or hoop-petticoat daffodil,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to southern and western France, Portugal, and Spain. Some sources say that the species is also native to Morocco, but this is based on populations formerly thought to be varieties of N. bulbocodium but now regarded as separate species.[3]

Description

Narcissus bulbocodium is a variable, small, hardy bulbous perennial, growing to 10–15 cm (4–6 in) tall, with grass-like leaves, and deep yellow trumpet-shaped flowers in mid-Spring. The flower is unusual in that the central trumpet (corona) is exceptionally large in relation to the outer section (perianth) consisting of tiny pointed segments.[4] The specific epithet bulbocodium means "woolly bulb".[5][6] At 12 mm it has the smallest floral diameter amongst Narcissus.
Hybrids

Narcissus bulbocodium is a parent of several hybrids, including:-[7]

N. × abilioi Fern.Casas (N. bulbocodium × N. jonquilla)
N. × brevitubulosus A.Fern. (N. bulbocodium × N. asturiensis)
N. × montcaunicus Fern.Casas (N. bulbocodium × N. eugeniae)
N. × lopezii Fern.Casas (N. obvallaris × N. bulbocodium)
N. × rozeirae Fern.Casas & Pérez-Chisc. (N. bulbocodium × N. pallidulus)
N. × barrae Fern.Casas (N. cantabricus 'Redouté' × N. bulbocodium)

Cultivation

Narcissus bulbocodium is widely planted in gardens, and can be naturalised in grass. It requires relatively dry conditions during the summer dormant period, so is suitable for planting beneath deciduous trees.[8] Numerous varieties and cultivars exist, including N. bulbocodium subsp. bulbocodium var. conspicuus (pale yellow flowers) and 'Golden Bells', a vigorous cultivar with long-lasting deep yellow flowers.[4]

Narcissus bulbocodium has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[9]

References

USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Narcissus bulbocodium". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
RHS A-L encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.
Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 289
"International Plant Names Index (IPNI) - Narcissus bulbocodium". Retrieved 25 May 2013.
Dusoir, Rory. "How to grow: the hoop-petticoat daffodil". The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
"RHS Plant Selector - Narcissus bulbocodium". Retrieved 23 February 2020.

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