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Narcissus cyclamineus

Narcissus cyclamineus

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Narcisseae
Genus: Narcissus
Subgenus: N. subg. Narcissus
Sectio: N. sect. Pseudonarcissi
Species: Narcissus cyclamineus
Name

Narcissus cyclamineus DC. in P.J.Redouté, P.J.Redouté, Liliac. 8: t. 486 (1815).
Synonyms

Homotypic
Ajax cyclamineus (DC.) Haw. , Monogr. Narciss. 2: 4 (1831).
Narcissus pseudonarcissus subsp. cyclamineus (DC.) Baker, Handb. Amaryll. 4 (1888).

Heterotypic
Narcissus cyclamineus subsp. cohaerens Rozeira, Publ. Inst. Bot. "Dr. Gonçalo Sampaio", II, 17: 3 (1952).

Hybrids

N. × cyclazetta – N. × dichromus – N. × monochromus
Distribution
Native distribution areas:
Narcissus cyclamineus

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Portugal, Spain.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

De Candolle, A.P. in Redouté, P-J. 1815. Liliac. 8: t. 486.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Narcissus cyclamineus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 04. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Narcissus cyclamineus. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 04 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Narcissus cyclamineus in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 04.
Tropicos.org 2018. Narcissus cyclamineus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 04 Aug. 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Narcissus cyclamineus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Narcissus cyclamineus, the cyclamen-flowered daffodil, is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to North West Portugal and North West Spain.
Description

It is a vigorous bulbous perennial, growing to 15–20 cm (6–8 in) tall, with grass-like leaves, and yellow flowers in early Spring. The 4.5 cm long, pendent flowers are unusual in that the central trumpet (corona) is long and narrow, while the outer section (perianth) is fully reflexed (folded back on itself).[1] This reflexion superficially resembles that of the distantly related cyclamen.
Cultivation

Narcissus cyclamineus is widely planted in gardens, and can be naturalised in a woodland garden or in thin grass, where it will spread by self-seeding. It prefers well-drained, lime-free soil that does not dry out in summer. It is valuable for its bright yellow flowers that appear in early spring with other bulbs such as snowdrops and Cyclamen coum. Due to its small size it is very suitable for growing in a shady rockery or trough.

It is a parent of the Cyclamineus Group of hybrid daffodil cultivars, which includes such popular varieties as 'February Gold', 'Jack Snipe' and 'Tête à Tête'.[2] Most of these hybrids are significantly larger than the species and whilst the petals may be reflexed to some extent, none so far has the fully reflexed appearance of the parent.

Narcissus cyclamineus has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3][4]
Narcissus cyclamineus flowering in cultivation in North Wales
References

RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
Alpine Garden Society
"Narcissus cyclamineus". www.rhs.org. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). www.rhs.org. Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 107. Retrieved 18 February 2020.

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