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Narcissus jonquilla

Narcissus jonquilla (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Narcisseae
Genus: Narcissus
Subgenus: N. subg. Narcissus
Sectio: N. sect. Jonquillae
Species: Narcissus jonquilla
Subspecies: N. j. subsp. cerrolazae – N. j. subsp. jonquilla
Name

Narcissus jonquilla L., Sp. Pl. 1: 290 (1753).
Synonyms

Homotypic
Narcissus juncifolius Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 223 (1796), nom. superfl.
Hermione jonquilla (L.) Haw., Suppl. Pl. Succ.: 137 (1819).
Queltia jonquilla (L.) Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 315 (1837).
Jonquilla odora Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 20 (1838), nom. superfl.
Tityrus jonquilla (L.) Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 101 (1866), nom. inval.

Hybrids

N. × compressus – N. × odorus
Distribution
Native distribution areas:
Narcissus jonquilla

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Portugal, Spain.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 290. Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Narcissus jonquilla in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 05. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Narcissus jonquilla. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 05 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Narcissus jonquilla in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 05.
Tropicos.org 2018. Narcissus jonquilla. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 05 Aug. 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Narcissus jonquilla in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Jonquille
suomi: Nunnannarsissi
日本語: キズイセン
polski: Narcyz żonkil
Türkçe: Fulya
中文: 丁香水仙

Narcissus jonquilla, commonly known as jonquil[2] or rush daffodil, is a bulbous flowering plant, a species of the genus Narcissus (daffodil) that is native to Spain and Portugal but has now become naturalised in many other regions: France, Italy, Turkey, the former Yugoslavia, Madeira, British Columbia in Canada, Utah, Illinois, Minnesota, Ohio, and the southeastern United States from Texas to Maryland.

Narcissus jonquilla bears long, narrow, rush-like leaves (hence the name jonquil, Spanish junquillo, from the Latin juncus 'rush').[3][4] In late spring it bears heads of up to five scented yellow or white flowers. It is a parent of numerous varieties within Division 7 of the horticultural classification.[5] Division 7 in the Royal Horticultural Society classification of Narcissus includes N. jonquilla and N. apodanthus hybrids and cultivars that show clear characteristics of those two species.[6][7]

N. jonquilla has been cultivated since the 18th century in France as the strongest of the Narcissus species used in narcissus oil, a component of many modern perfumes.[3]
Notes

The Plant List
BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
Nigel Groom (30 June 1997). The New Perfume Handbook. Springer. pp. 170–171. ISBN 978-0-7514-0403-6. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
Shorter Oxford English dictionary, 6th ed. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2007. p. 3804. ISBN 978-0199206872.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
Gordon R. Hanks (18 April 2002). Narcissus and Daffodil: The Genus Narcissus. CRC Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-415-27344-2. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
"RHS Plant Selector - Narcissus jonquilla". Retrieved 27 June 2013.

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