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Narcissus papyraceus

Narcissus papyraceus (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Alliaceae
Tribus: Narcisseae
Genus: Narcissus
Sectiones: N. sect. Tazettae
Species: Narcissus papyraceus
Subspecies: N. p. subsp. pachybolbus - N. p. subsp. panizzianus - N. p. subsp. papyraceus - N. p. subsp. polyanthos


Narcissus papyraceus Ker Gawl.


* Hermione papyracea (Ker Gawl.) Schult. et Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer et J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 1733 (1830).
* Chione papyracea (Ker Gawl.) Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 100 (1866), nom. inval.
* Narcissus tazetta var. papyraceus (Ker Gawl.) Baker, Gard. Chron. 1869: 1015 (1869).
* Narcissus tazetta subsp. papyraceus (Ker Gawl.) Baker, Handb. Amaryll.: 8 (1888).
* Narcissus linnaeanus subsp. papyraceus (Ker Gawl.) Rouy in G.Rouy et J.Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 50 (1912).

Vernacular names
English: Paperwhite


* Botanical Magazine; or, Flower-Garden Displayed ... London 24: t. 947. 1806
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 25041
* Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: N. papyraceus.


Narcissus papyraceus (from papyrus and aceus ; meaning paper like [1]), commonly known as Paperwhite, is a perennial bulbous plant native to the Mediterranean region. The white flowers are borne in bunches and are strongly fragrant. It is frequently grown as a house plant, often forced to flower at Christmas.

Paperwhites are part of the Narcissus genus which is typically associated with daffodils.


The stems are mid-green and grow upright. Mature height is usually 30–45 cm, though varies by variety. Several white flowers are borne at the top of each stem and are strongly scented.

Many cultivars are available and are easy to force into bloom indoors. Unlike other Narcissus species, Paperwhites do not require chilling to promote bloom. The bulbs begin to grow as soon as they are planted, with flowers appearing in 3–4 weeks.

Narcissus papyraceus thrives in moist, peat moss based potting mix. Plants can also be grown in containers of water. Cool temperatures between 7-18°C and indirect light will help to prolong the bloom time.

1. ^ Dictionary of Botanical Epithets pamphylicus - papyrifer. Retrieved January 5, 2007.

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