Narcissus tazetta

Narcissus tazetta, Germasogeia (Yermasoyia), Cyprus, Photo: Augusta Stylianou

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Alliaceae
Tribus: Narcisseae
Genus: Narcissus
Sectiones: N. sect. Tazettae
Species: Narcissus tazetta
Subspecies: N. t. subsp. aureus - N. t. subsp. corcyrensis - N. t. subsp. gussonei - N. t. subsp. lacticolor - N. t. subsp. ochroleucus - N. t. subsp. tazetta

Narcissus tazetta, Germasogeia (Yermasoyia), Cyprus, Photo: Augusta Stylianou

Narcissus tazetta, Germasogeia (Yermasoyia), Cyprus, Photo: Augusta Stylianou

Name

Narcissus tazetta L. 1753

Synonyms

* Hermione tazetta (L.) Haw., Suppl. Pl. Succ.: 142 (1819).
* Narcissus aequilimba Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 404 (1837).
* Jonquilla tazetta (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 21 (1838).
* Narcissus aequilimbus Herb., Nyman, Syll. Fl. Eur.: 365 (1855).
* Pancratium tazetta (L.) Sessé et Moc., Fl. Mexic., ed. 2: 85 (1894).
* Narcissus tazetta subsp. eutazetta Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse: 326 (1910).
* Narcissus linnaeanus Rouy in G.Rouy et J.Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 40 (1912), nom. illeg.
* Narcissus linnaeanus subsp. tazetta Rouy in G.Rouy et J.Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 47 (1912), nom. inval.

References

* Species Plantarum 1:290. 1753.
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 25053
* Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: N. tazetta.

Vernacular Names

Ελληνικά, Κυπριακά : Μιτσικόριδον

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Narcissus tazetta (Chinese Sacred Lily, Bunch-flowered Narcissus, Joss flower) is a perennial ornamental plant of the family Amaryllidaceae that grows from a bulb.

The Chinese sacred lily is neither sacred nor a lily. In the Romanized form of written Mandarin it is called shui xian hua (水仙花) which can be translated as water spirit flower. The botanical designation is Narcissus tazetta v. chinensis, or Ruen.

Its fragrance is quite different from that of its distant cousin, the paperwhite narcissus which has an animal scent to many people.

Special topiary carving techniques can be used to form leaves and flowers into fanciful shapes. The flower is an important element in the Chinese lunar new year celebration, and is sold at flower markets before the Chinese New Year. It is believed to be good luck to have the flower bloom on the first day of the Chinese lunar new year spring festival.

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