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Neomarica

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Iridoideae
Tribus: Trimezieae
Genus: Neomarica
Species: N. brachypus - N. caerulea - N. candida - N. capitellata - N. caulosa - N. fluminensis - N. glauca - N. gracilis - N. humilis - N. imbricata - N. longifolia - N. northiana - N. paradoxa - N. portosecurensis - N. rigida - N. rotundata - N. rupestris - N. silvestris - N. variegata - N. warmingii

Name

Neomarica Sprague, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1928 (7): 280. 1928.

Synonyms

* Galathea Liebm., Ind. Sem. Hort. Haun. 26. 1855. nom. illeg. non Steud. (1840).
* Marica (Ker Gawler) Herbert nom. illeg. non Marica Schreber (1789) = Cipura Aublet 1775.


Infrageneric taxa

* Neomarica brachypus (Baker) Sprague
* Neomarica bulbosa Sprague
* Neomarica caerulea (Ker Gawl.) Sprague
* Neomarica candida (Hassl.) Sprague
* Neomarica capitellata (Ravenna) Chukr
* Neomarica caulosa (Ravenna) Chukr
* Neomarica fluminensis (Ravenna) Chukr
* Neomarica glauca (Seub. ex Klatt) Sprague
* Neomarica gracilis (Herb.) Sprague
* Neomarica heloisa-mariae Occhioni
* Neomarica humilis (Klatt) Capell.
* Neomarica imbricata (Hand.-Mazz.) Sprague
* Neomarica longifolia (Link & Otto) Sprague
* Neomarica lutea (Herb.) Sprague
* Neomarica martii (Baker) Sprague
* Neomarica nitida (Ravenna) Chukr
* Neomarica northiana (Schneev.) Sprague
* Neomarica northiana var. undulata (Schneev.) Sprague
* Neomarica occidentalis (Baker) Sprague
* Neomarica paradoxa (Ravenna) Chukr
* Neomarica portosecurensis (Ravenna) Chukr
* Neomarica rigida (Ravenna) Capell.
* Neomarica rotundata (Ravenna) Chukr
* Neomarica rupestris (Ravenna) Chukr
* Neomarica sabini (Lindl.) Chukr
* Neomarica sylvestris (Vell.) Chukr
* Neomarica variegata (M.Martens & Galeotti) J.E.Henrich & Goldblatt
* Neomarica warmingii (Klatt) Sprague
* Neomarica vittata Sprague

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Neomarica (Walking Iris or Apostle Plant) is a genus of 16 species of plants in family Iridaceae, native to tropical regions of western Africa, and Central and South America, with the highest diversity (12 species) in Brazil. The genus name is derived from the Greek words neo, meaning "new", and Marica, the Roman nymph.[1]

Description

They are herbaceous perennial plants that propagate by way of a thick rhizome and new plantlets that develop from the stem where flowers once emerged. The plants grow erect, and have long slender lanceolate leaves from 30-160 cm long and 1-4 cm broad, depending on the species. They produce very fragrant flowers that last for a short period of time, often only 18 hours.

The flowers emerge from what appears to be just another leaf, but is really a flower stalk structured to look like the other leaves; they are 5-10 cm diameter, and closely resemble Iris flowers. After pollination, the new plantlet appears where the flower emerged and the stalk continues to grow longer. The weight of the growing plantlet causes the stalk to bend toward the ground, allowing the new plantlet to root away from its parent. This is how it obtained the common name of "Walking Iris". The other common name "Apostle Plant" comes from the belief that the plant will not flower until the individual has at least 12 leaves, the number of apostles of Jesus.
Species

Neomarica caerulea
Neomarica capitellata
Neomarica caulosa
Neomarica fluminensis
Neomarica gracilis
Neomarica imbricata
Neomarica longifolia
Neomarica nitida
Neomarica northiana

Neomarica northiana

Neomarica paradoxa
Neomarica portosecurensis
Neomarica rotundata
Neomarica rupestris
Neomarica sabini
Neomarica silvestris
Neomarica variegata

Cultivation and uses

Some Neomarica species such as N. northiana, N. longifolia, and N. caerulea are common ornamental plants that are easily cultivated both in gardens in subtropical and tropical regions, and as houseplants in temperate areas.
References

^ Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 229–32. ISBN 0-88192-897-6.

WCSP, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Neomarica

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License