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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Neotinea
Overview of species (6)

N. commutata - N. conica - N. lactea - N. maculata - N. tridentata - N. ustulata
Nothospecies: (1)

N. × dietrichiana

Name

Neotinea Rchb.f., De Pollin. Orchid.: 29. (1852)

Type species: Neotinea maculata (Desf.) Stearn, Ann. Mus. Goulandris 2: 79. (1974 publ. 1975)

Synonymy

Basionym
Tinea Biv., Giorn. Sci. Sicilia 50: 205. (1835), nom. illeg.
Heterotypic
Odontorchis D.Tyteca & E.Klein, J. Eur. Orch. 40: 540. (2008)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Europe
Northern Europe
Denmark, Great Britain, Ireland, Sweden.
Middle Europe
Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands,† Poland, Switzerland.
Southwestern Europe
Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
Southeastern Europe
Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
Eastern Europe
Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
Africa
Northern Africa
Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
Macaronesia
Canary Islands, Madeira.
Asia-Temperate
Siberia
West Siberia.
Caucasus
North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
Western Asia
Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Kretzschmar, H., Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. 2007. Die Orchideengattungen Anacamptis, Orchis, Neotinea. EchinoMedia-Verlag, Bürgel. Table of contents. ISBN 978-3937-10711-0. Reference page.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2001. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 2: Orchidoideae (Part one); page 320 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850710-0
Reichenbach, H.G. (1852) De Pollinis Orchidearum Genese ac Structura et de Orchideis in Artem ac Systema Redigendis 29.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Neotinea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 June 7. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Neotinea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 June 7. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Neotinea. Published online. Accessed: 7 June 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Neotinea in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 June 7.
Tropicos.org 2019. Neotinea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 June 7.

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Waldwurz
עברית: ניאוטיניאה
кырык мары: Неотинеа
русский: Неотинея
svenska: Tätnycklar
Türkçe: Benliçamsalebi

Neotinea is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It is native to much of Europe, the Mediterranean region, and the islands of the eastern Atlantic, from the Canaries, Madeira and Ireland east to Iran and Western Siberia.[1][2]

Taxonomy

The genus Neotinea is named after an Italian botanist, Vincenzo Tineo (1791-1856), who was Director of Palermo botanical garden and later the Chancellor of Palermo University. His published works include 'Plantarum rariorum Sicilae' (1817) and 'Catalogus plantarum horti' (1827)[3]
Species

As of June 2014, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepts five species including one of hybrid origin:[1]

Neotinea × dietrichiana (Bogenh.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. (N. tridentata × N. ustulata)
Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase (syn. Orchis lactea)
Neotinea maculata (Desf.) Stearn
Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase (syn. Orchis tridentata)
Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase (syn. Orchis ustulata)

See also

List of Orchidaceae genera

References

"Search for Neotinea", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2014-06-11
Altervista Flora Italiana, Neotinea

Plant Lives - Plant Biographies

Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (1999). Genera Orchidacearum 1. Oxford Univ. Press.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2001). Genera Orchidacearum 2. Oxford Univ. Press.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2003). Genera Orchidacearum 3. Oxford Univ. Press
Berg Pana, H. 2005. Handbuch der Orchideen-Namen. Dictionary of Orchid Names. Dizionario dei nomi delle orchidee. Ulmer, Stuttgart

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