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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Neotinea
Species: Neotinea maculata
Name

Neotinea maculata (Desf.) Stearn, Ann. Mus. Goulandris 2: 79. (1974 publ. 1975)

Type species:

Synonymy

Basionym
Satyrium maculatum (Desf.), Fl. Atlant. 2: 319. (1799)
Homotypic
Tinea cylindrica Biv., Giorn. Sci. Sicilia 50: 205. (1835), nom. superfl.
Tinea maculata (Desf.) Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 3: 353. (1851)
Aceras maculatum (Desf.) Gren. in J.C.M.Grenier & D.A.Godron, Fl. France 3: 282. (1855)
Orchis maculata (Desf.) Batt. & Trab., Fl. Alger: 198. (1884), nom. illeg.
Heterotypic
Orchis intacta Link, J. Bot. (Schrader) 2: 322. (1799)
Satyrium densiflorum Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 22. (1804)
Orchis atlantica Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 42. (1805)
Orchis secundiflora Bertol., Rar. Lig. [Ital.] Pl. 2: 42. (1806)
Ophrys densiflora (Brot.) Desf., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 10: 228. (1807)
Satyrium parviflorum Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 506. (1807), nom. illeg.
Himantoglossum parviflorum Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 694. (1826)
Himantoglossum secundiflorum (Bertol.) Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 120. (1830)
Aceras secundiflorum (Bertol.) Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 18: t. 1525. (1832)
Peristylus atlanticus (Willd.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 300. (1835)
Peristylus densiflorus (Brot.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 298. (1835)
Satyrium atlanticum (Willd.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 300. (1835)
Ophrys secundiflora Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 768. (1840), pro syn.
Aceras densiflorum (Brot.) Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 595. (1842)
Orchis sagittata Munby, Fl. Algérie: 100. (1847)
Aceras intactum (Link) Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 2. (1850)
Peristylus maculatus Lindl. ex Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 2. (1850), pro syn.
Neotinea intacta (Link) Rchb.f., De Pollin. Orchid.: 29. (1852)
Coeloglossum densiflorum Hartm. ex Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 164. (1861), pro syn.
Orchis ecalcarata Costa & Vayr., Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 9: 97. (1880)
Habenaria intacta (Link) Lindl. ex Benth., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 18: 354. (1881)
Tinea intacta (Link) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 58. (1882)
Aceras densiflorum f. bifidum J.A.Guim., Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 57, 248. (1887)
Aceras densiflorum f. tridentatum J.A.Guim., Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 57, 248. (1887)
Aceras vayredae K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 276. (1890)
Orchis ustulata var. ecalcarata (Costa & Vayr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 291. (1890)
Orchis imbecilla Sol. ex Britten, J. Bot. 42: 181. (1904)
Neotinea intacta var. bifida (J.A.Guim.) E.G.Camus, Bergon & A.Camus, Monogr. Orchid.: 244. (1908)
Neotinea intacta var. tridentata (J.A.Guim.) E.G.Camus, Bergon & A.Camus, Monogr. Orchid.: 244. (1908)
Neotinea intacta f. bifida (J.A.Guim.) Soó, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 91. (1928)
Neotinea intacta f. tridentata (J.A.Guim.) Soó, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 91. (1928)
Neotinea intacta f. luteola Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 210. (1930)
Neotinea maculata var. stricta Landwehr, Wilde Orchid. Eur. 2: 556. (1977)
Neotinea maculata f. alba Maire & Weiller ex F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 92 (2009)
Neotinea maculata f. luteola (Renz) F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 92 (2009)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Europe
Northern Europe
Great Britain, Ireland.
Southwestern Europe
Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
Southeastern Europe
Greece, Italy, Kriti, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
Africa
Northern Africa
Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
Macaronesia
Canary Islands, Madeira.
Asia-Temperate
Western Asia
Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Kretzschmar, H., Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. 2007. Die Orchideengattungen Anacamptis, Orchis, Neotinea. EchinoMedia-Verlag, Bürgel. Table of contents. ISBN 978-3937-10711-0. Reference page.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2001. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 2: Orchidoideae (Part one); page 320 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850710-0
Stearn, W.T. 1975. Annales Musei Goulandris 2: 79.

Links

Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2021. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Neotinea maculata. Accessed: 2021 Jun 21.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Neotinea maculata in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 21. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Neotinea maculata in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 21. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Neotinea maculata. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Neotinea maculata. Published online. Accessed: 21 Jun 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Neotinea maculata. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 21.

Vernacular names

Cymraeg: Tegeirian dwysflodeuog
Deutsch: Gefleckte Waldwurz
English: Dense-flowered orchid
français: Orchis intact
עברית: נאוטינאה תמימה
italiano: Satirione macchiato

Neotinea maculata, the dense-flowered orchid, is an orchid native to Asia Minor and parts of Europe and North Africa. [1] (Codes) [2]
Neotinea maculata
Description

The leaves are oblong, 5 cm in length, and form a basal rosette which develops from round underground nodules that are up to 6 cm in diameter. Stems supported emerge vertically from the rosette and are covered for a third of their length with a light green bract. The flowering period is from April to June, during which an inflorescence of small white to pink flowers are produced.
References

"World Checklist of Selected Plant Families".

"World Checklist of Selected Plant Families TDWG Geocodes" (PDF).

Bateman R.M., 2003 Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of Orchidinae and selected Habenariinae (Orchidaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 2003; 142(1): 1-40.
Delforge P., 2001 Guide des orchidées D'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient, 2° ed, Lausanne, Delachaux et Niestlé ISBN 2-603-01228-2

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