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Nolina is a genus of tropical xerophytic flowering plants, with the principal distribution being in Mexico and extending into the southern United States.[2][3][4][5][6] They are large, dioecious plants.[7]

Some botanists have included the genus Beaucarnea in Nolina. In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae).[8] Former alternative placements include Nolinaceae and Agavaceae. The genus is named for 18th century French arboriculturist Abbé C. P. Nolin.[3] Members of the genus are known as beargrasses,[9] some of which are cultivated as ornamental plants.

Nolina longifolia

Accepted species:[2][9][10]

Nolina arenicola Correll – Trans-Pecos beargrass - western Texas
Nolina atopocarpa Bartlett – Florida beargrass - Florida
Nolina azureogladiata D.Donati - Oaxaca
Nolina beldingi Brandegee - Baja California Sur
Nolina bigelovii (Torr.) S.Watson – Bigelow's nolina - Sonora, Arizona, southern Nevada, southern California
Nolina brittoniana Nash – Britton's beargrass - Florida
Nolina cespitifera Trel. - Coahuila, Zacatecas, Nuevo León
Nolina cismontana Dice – Peninsular beargrass - southern California
Nolina durangensis Trel. - Chihuahua, Durango
Nolina erumpens (Torr.) S.Watson – Foothill beargrass - Chihuahua, western Texas
Nolina excelsa García-Mend. & E.Solano - Oaxaca
Nolina georgiana Michx. – Georgia beargrass - Georgia, South Carolina
Nolina greenei S.Watson ex Trel. – Woodland beargrass - New Mexico, southern Colorado, northwestern Texas, panhandle of Oklahoma
Nolina hibernica Hochstaetter & D.Donati - Tamaulipas, Nuevo León
Nolina humilis S.Watson - Guanajuato, San Luis Potosí
Nolina interrata Gentry – Dehesa beargrass - San Diego County, northern Baja California
Nolina juncea (Zucc.) J.F.Macbr. - northern Mexico
Nolina lindheimeriana (Scheele) S.Watson – Devil's shoestring, Lindheimer nolina - central Texas
Nolina matapensis Wiggins - Sonora, Chihuahua
Nolina micrantha I.M.Johnst. – Chaparral beargrass - Coahuila, Chihuahua, western Texas, southern New Mexico
Nolina microcarpa S.Watson – Palmilla Sacahuista - Chihuahua, Sonora, Arizona, New Mexico, southwestern Utah
Nolina nelsonii Rose - Tamaulipas
Nolina palmeri S.Watson - Baja California
Nolina parryi S.Watson – Parry's beargrass - Arizona, southern California, Baja California, Sonora
Nolina parviflora (Kunth) Hemsl. - central and southern Mexico
Nolina pumila Rose - northern and central Mexico
Nolina rigida Trel. - Mexico; apparently extinct
Nolina texana S.Watson – Texas sacahuista - Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Chihuahua, Coahuila

Formerly placed here

Beaucarnea gracilis Lem. (as N. gracilis (Lem.) Cif. & Giacom.)
Beaucarnea guatemalensis Rose (as N. guatemalensis (Rose) Cif. & Giacom.)
Beaucarnea recurvata Lem. (as N. recurvata (Lem.) Hemsl.)[10]


"Genus: Nolina Michx". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-01-19. Retrieved 2010-03-31.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Hess, William J. "Nolina Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 207. 1803". Flora of North America. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
Hochstätter, F. (2010). The genus Nolina (Nolinaceae). Piante Grasse 2010(1, Suppl.): 1-48.
Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution maps
Trelease, William. 1911. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 50(200)
Hernández-Sandoval, Luis; Rebman, Jon P. (2018). "The Genus Nolina (Asparagaceae) of the Baja California Peninsula, and the Recognition of a New Species Combination". Systematic Botany. 43 (3): 717–733. doi:10.1600/036364418X697436. S2CID 91615592.
Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
"Nolina". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
"GRIN Species Records of Nolina". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-03-31.

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