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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Liliaceae
Subfamilia: Lilioideae
Genus: Notholirion
Species: N. bulbuliferum – N. koeiei – N. macrophyllum – N. thomsonianum
Name

Notholirion Wall. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 190. 1882.
References

Govaerts, R. (2006). World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2009 Mar 16 [1].

Notholirion is a small Asian genus of bulbous plants in the lily family, Liliaceae.[3] It is closely related to Lilium, but each individual flowers only once, and then dies after producing offsets. The bulb is covered by a tunic. Leaves are basal, produced in autumn and winter.[4][5]

Taxonomy

Baker (1874)[6] considered Notholirion to be a subgenus of Fritillaria, but Boissier (1884)[5] separated it as a distinct genus. The evolutionary and phylogenetic relationships between the genera currently included in Liliaceae are shown in the following Cladogram:
Cladogram: Phylogeny and biogeography of the genera of the Liliaceae

West NA

Tricyrtis

Streptopoideae

Streptopus

Prosartes

Scoliopus

West NA

Calochortus

Lilioideae* East NA EA
Medeoleae East NA

Clintonia

Medeola

Lilieae s.l. EA
Tulipeae East Asia

Tulipa

Amana

Erythronium

Gagea (Lloydia)

Lilieae s.s. Himalayas

Notholirion

Cardiocrinum

Lilium (Nomocharis)

Fritillaria




Phylogenetic tree reflecting relationships based on molecular phylogenetic evidence.
*=Liliaceae sensu Tamura; EA=Eurasia NA=North America
Species

List of species:[7][8][4]

Notholirion bulbiferum (Lingelsh.) Stearn - Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Assam, Myanmar, Gansu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan
Notholirion koeiei Rech.f. - Iran + Iraq
Notholirion macrophyllum (D.Don) Boiss. -
Notholirion thomsonianum (Royle) Stapf - Afghanistan, Himalayas of northern Pakistan + northern India

References

lectotype designated by Wilson, Lilies E. Asia 100 (1925).
1878 illustration. Source: Curtis's Botanical Magazine vol. 104, lithograph by J. Nugent Fitch
"Notholirion Wall. ex Boiss". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 133 假百合属 jia bai he shu Notholirion Wallich ex Boissier, Fl. Orient. 5: 190. 1882.
Boissier 1884.
Baker 1874.
The Plant List

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

Bibliography

Baker, J. G. (1874). "Revision of the Genera and Species of Tulipeae". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. xiv (76). Fritillaria pp. 251–275. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1874.tb00314.x.
Boissier, Pierre Edmond (1884). "Notholirion". Flora Orientalis: sive, Enumeratio plantarum in Oriente a Graecia et Aegypto ad Indiae fines hucusque observatarum. 5. Geneva: H. Georg. pp. 190–191.

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