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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Orobanchaceae
Tribus: Rhinantheae
Genus: Odontites
Species: O. alshehbazianus – O. aucheri – O. bocconei – O. bolligeri – O. cebennensis – O. citrinus – O. corsicus – O. discolor – O. foliosus – O. glutinosus – O. granatensis – O. hispidulus – O. hollianus – O. jaubertianus – O. kaliformis – O. lanceolatus – O. lapiei – O. linkii – O. litoralis – O. longiflorus – O. luteus – O. maroccanus – O. powellii – O. pseudogranatensis – O. purpureus – O. rameauanus – O. recordonii – O. rigidifolius – O. sillettii – O. triboutii – O. valentinus – O. vernus – O. violaceus – O. viscosus – O. vulcanicus – O. vulgaris
Name

Odontites Ludw., Inst. Regn. Veg. (ed. 2). 1757.

Type species: Odontites vulgaris Moench Methodus 439. 1794.

Note: ICN Art. 62.4: Generic names ending -ites are treated as masculine, irrespective of the gender assigned to them by the original author.
Synonyms

Heterotypic
Bornmuellerantha Rothm., Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, ser. 2, 50: 226. 1943.
Type species: Bornmuellerantha aucheri (Boiss.) Rothm. (≡ Odontites aucheri)
Bartsiella Bolliger
Dispermotheca Beauverd
Macrosyringion Rothm.
Orthantha A.Kern.
Orthanthella Rauschert

References

Ludwig, C.G. 1757. Institutiones Historico-Physicae Regni Vegetabilis 120.
Scheunert, A., Fleischmann, A., Olano-Marin, C., Bräuchler, C. & Heubl, G. 2012. Phylogeny of tribe Rhinantheae (Orobanchaceae) with a focus on biogeography, cytology and re-examination of generic concepts. Taxon 61(6): 1269–1285. DOI: 10.1002/tax.616008 Paywall. JSTOR Paywall. ResearchGate Open access. Reference page. (Fleischmann, A. & Heubl, G.: Generic circumscription.)
Pinto-Carrasco, D., Scheunert, A., Heubl, G., Rico, E. & Martínez Ortega, M.M. 2017. Unravelling the phylogeny of the root‐hemiparasitic genus Odontites (tribe Rhinantheae, Orobanchaceae): Evidence for five main lineages. Taxon 66(4): 886–908. DOI: 10.12705/664.6 Paywall Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Odontites in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Sept. 11. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Odontites. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Sept. 11. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Odontites. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Feb. 19.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Odontites. Published online. Accessed: Sept. 11 2021.

Vernacular names
English: False Bartsia
suomi: Sänkiöt
հայերեն: Ատամնուկ

Odontites is a genus of flowering plants in the family Orobanchaceae.
Phylogeny

The phylogeny of the genera of Rhinantheae has been explored using molecular characters.[1][2] Odontites belongs to the core Rhinantheae. It is the sister genus to Bellardia, and then to Tozzia and Hedbergia. These taxa are closely related to the genus Euphrasia. In turn, these five genera share phylogenetic affinities with Bartsia.

Genus-level cladogram of tribe Rhinantheae.
  Rhinantheae  
         

  Melampyrum  

         

  Rhynchocorys  

         

  Lathraea

  Rhinanthus

  Core Rhinantheae  
         

  Bartsia sensu stricto (Bartsia alpina)

         

  Euphrasia

         

  Tozzia

  Hedbergia
  (including Bartsia decurva + B. longiflora)

         

  Bellardia

         

  Neobartsia
(New World Bartsia)

  Parentucellia

  Odontites sensu lato
  (including Bornmuellerantha
  and Bartsiella)



The cladogram has been reconstructed from nuclear and plastid DNA molecular characters (ITS, rps16 intron and trnK region).[1][2]


Conservation

One of the Odontites species, O. granatensis, endemic to the Sierra Nevada in Spain, was so threatened that in 1993 only 1,500 plants survived in two locations. Due to conservation efforts the plant has made a comeback, numbering over 100,000 in 2006.[3]
References
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Odontites.

Těšitel, Jakub; Říha, Pavel; Svobodová, Šárka; Malinová, Tamara; Štech, Milan (2010-10-28). "Phylogeny, Life History Evolution and Biogeography of the Rhinanthoid Orobanchaceae". Folia Geobotanica. 45 (4): 347–367. doi:10.1007/s12224-010-9089-y. ISSN 1211-9520.
Scheunert, Agnes; Fleischmann, Andreas; Olano-Marín, Catalina; Bräuchler, Christian; Heubl, Günther (2012-12-14). "Phylogeny of tribe Rhinantheae (Orobanchaceae) with a focus on biogeography, cytology and re-examination of generic concepts". Taxon. 61 (6): 1269–1285. doi:10.1002/tax.616008.
"Evitan la extinción de dos plantas endémicas de Sierra Nevada" (in Spanish). ABC.es. 2006-06-26. Retrieved 2009-01-12.

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