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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Cranichideae
Subtribus: Goodyerinae
Genus: Odontochilus
Overview of species (56)

O. acalcaratus – O. asraoa – O. aureus – O. bisaccatus – O. brevistylis – O. buruensis – O. clarkei – O. coerulescens – O. crispus – O. degeneri – O. duplex – O. elongatus – O. elwesii – O. fimbriatus – O. grandiflorus – O. guangdongensis – O. hasseltii – O. hatumetensis – O. hatusimanus – O. hydrocephalus – O. inabae – O. lanceolatus – O. longiflorus – O. macranthus – O. mindanaensis – O. montanus – O. muricatus – O. nakaianus – O. nandae – O. nanlingensis – O. napoensis – O. occultus – O. papuanus – O. pectinifer – O. perpusillus – O. philippinensis – O. poilanei – O. puberulus – O. pubescens – O. putaoensis – O. quadrilobatus – O. rajanus – O. reniformis – O. saprophyticus – O. seranicus – O. serriformis – O. sibelae – O. spicatus – O. tashiroi – O. tetrapterus – O. tortus – O. tsukusianus – O. umbrosus – O. uniflorus – O. urceolatus – O. whiteheadii – O. yakushimensis
Name

Odontochilus Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 79 (1859)

Type species: Odontochilus flavescens (Blume) Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 80 (1859)

Synonymy

Heterotypic
Cystopus Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 82 (1859), nom. illeg.
Evrardia Gagnep., Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., II, 4: 596 (1932), nom. illeg.
Pristiglottis Cretz. & J.J.Sm., Acta Fauna Fl. Universali, Ser. 2, Bot. 1(14): 4 (1934)
Evrardianthe Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94: 433 (1983)
Evrardiana Aver., Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 73: 432 (1988), nom. illeg.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Asia-Temperate
China
China South-Central, Hainan, China North-Central, China Southeast, Tibet.
Eastern Asia
Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto, Taiwan.
Asia-Tropical
Indian Subcontinent
Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Nepal.
Indo-China
Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
Malesia
Borneo, Jawa, Peninsular Malaysia, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera.
Papuasia
Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
Pacific
Southwestern Pacific
Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa, Vanuatu.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Blume, C.L. 1859. Flora Javae et Insularum Adjacentium Nova Series 1: 66.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2003. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 3: Orchidoideae (Part two); page 126 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850711-9

Links

'eFloras 2009. Odontochilus in Flora of China vol. 25 Orchidaceae --> pdf Odontochilus
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2020. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Odontochilus. Accessed: 2020 Jul 18.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Odontochilus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Jul 18. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Odontochilus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Jul 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Odontochilus. Published online. Accessed: 18 Jul 2020.
The Plant List 2013. Odontochilus in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Jul 18.
Tropicos.org 2020. Odontochilus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 18 Jul 2020.

Vernacular names

кырык мары: Одонтохилус
中文: 齒唇蘭屬

Odontochilus is a small genus from the orchid family (Orchidaceae). These terrestrial, mycoparasitic orchids occur from China, Japan, the Himalayas, Southeast Asia, New Guinea and Melanesia.[2][3][4] The genus is related to Gonatostylis,[5] endemic to New Caledonia.
Species

Species accepted as of June 2014:[2]

Odontochilus acalcaratus (Aver.) Ormerod (2002). - southern Vietnam
Odontochilus asraoa (J.Joseph & Abbar.) Ormerod (2005) - India, Nepal, Bhutan
Odontochilus brevistylus Hook.f., (1890) - Tibet, Yunnan, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam
Odontochilus clarkei Hook.f. (1890) - India, Bhutan, Assam, Tibet, Myanmar
Odontochilus crispus (Lindl.) Hook.f. (1890) - India, Bhutan, Assam, Tibet, Myanmar, Yunnan
Odontochilus degeneri L.O.Williams (1942) - Fiji
Odontochilus duplex (Holttum) Ormerod (2005) - Thailand, Malaysia
Odontochilus elwesii C.B.Clarke ex Hook.f. (1890) - India, Bhutan, Assam, Tibet, Myanmar, Taiwan, Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan
Odontochilus grandiflorus (Lindl.) Hook.f. (1890) - Bhutan, Assam
Odontochilus guangdongensis S.C.Chen, S.W.Gale & P.J.Cribb (2009) - Guangdong, Hunan
Odontochilus hasseltii (Blume) J.J.Wood (2011) - Borneo, Java, Sumatra
Odontochilus hydrocephalus (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Wood (2011)- Borneo
Odontochilus inabae (Hayata) Hayata ex T.P.Lin - Japan, Yakushima, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Vietnam
Odontochilus lanceolatus (Lindl.) Blume (1859) - India, Bhutan, Assam, Tibet, Myanmar, Sikkim, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam, Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan
Odontochilus longiflorus (Rchb.f.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks. (1894) - New Guinea, Solomons, Fiji, Samoa, Vanuatu
Odontochilus macranthus Hook.f. (1890) - Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand
Odontochilus nanlingensis (L.P.Siu & K.Y.Lang) Ormerod (2003) - Guangdong, Taiwan
Odontochilus poilanei (Gagnep.) Ormerod (2002) - Japan, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Tibet, Yunnan
Odontochilus reniformis (Hook.f.) Ormerod (1998) - Perak
Odontochilus saprophyticus (Aver.) Ormerod (2003) - Hainan, Vietnam
Odontochilus serriformis (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Wood (2011) - Sabah
Odontochilus tashiroi (Maxim.) Makino (1900) - Ryukyu Islands
Odontochilus tetrapterus (Hook.f.) Av.Bhattacharjee & H.J.Chowdhery (2011) - Manipur
Odontochilus tortus King & Pantl. (1896) - Guangxi, Hainan, Tibet, Yunnan, Assam, Sikkim, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Odontochilus umbrosus (Aver.) Ormerod (2002) - Vietnam
Odontochilus uniflorus (Blume) H.A.Pedersen & Ormerod (2009) - Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand

References

M.S. del., J.N.Fitch lith. - Curtis's Botanical Magazine, London., vol. 144 [= ser. 4, vol. 14]: Tab. 8753
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2003). Genera Orchidacearum 3: 1-358. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
Flora of China v 25 p 80, 齿唇兰属 chi chun lan shu, Odontochilus Blume, Fl. Javae Nov. Ser. 1: 66. 1858.

Alvarez-Molina, A., and K. M. Cameron. (2009) Molecular Phylogenetics of Prescottinae S.l. and Their Close Allies (Orchidaceae, Cranichideae) Inferred from Plastid and Nuclear Ribosomal DNA Sequences. American Journal of Botany 96 (5): 1020–40.

Omerod P. (2003). "Orchidaceous additions to the floras of China and Vietnam". Taiwania. 48 (3): 139–146.
Ormerod Paul (2005). "Notulae Goodyerinae (II)". Taiwania. 50 (1): 1–10.
Royal Botanical gardens, Kew (January 2006). "new species". Orchid Research Newsletter. 47.

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