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Olea capensis

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Lamiales
Familia: Oleaceae
Tribus: Oleeae
Genus: Olea
Species: Olea capensis
Subspecies: O. capensis subsp. capensis - O. capensis subsp. enervis - O. capensis subsp. macrocarpa


Olea capensis L.


* Species Plantarum 1:8. 1753
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names

Olea capensis (The Ironwood) is an African tree species belonging to the olive family (Oleaceae). Olea capensis is widespread in Africa, ranging west to Cameroon north to Sudan and Somalia, east to the Indian Ocean, and south to South Africa.

It is known by a variety of common names, including Ironwood, Ysterhout, Black Ironwood, Small Ironwood, East African Olive, Ironwood Olive, Mushargi/Mutharage, Loliondo.

The wood of the tree is very hard, fine grained, and heavy, and although difficult to work, it is widely used for art and artefacts. It produces masses of sweetly-scented bisexual flowers and large edible fruits.


* "Olea capensis". Ecocrop FAO. http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropView?id=8059. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
* "Olea capensis subsp. capensis". Aluka. http://www.aluka.org/action/showCompilationPage?doi=10.5555/AL.AP.COMPILATION.PLANT-NAME-SPECIES.OLEA.CAPENSIS. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
* "Olea capensis subsp. capensis". Fernkloof Nature Reserve. http://fernkloof.com/species.mv?159. Retrieved 2010-02-09.

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Biology Encyclopedia

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License