Opuntia basilaris

Opuntia basilaris, (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Caryophyllales
Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Opuntioideae
Tribus: Opuntieae
Genus: Opuntia
Species Opuntia basilaris

Varieties: O. b. var. basilaris - O. b. var. brachyclada - O. b. var. longiareolata - O. b. var. treleasei

Name

Opuntia basilaris Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow

References

* G. Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3:298. 1856 (Pacif. Railr. Rep. 4:43. 1857)
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names

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Opuntia basilaris, the Beavertail Cactus, is found in southwest USA, mostly in the Mojave and Colorado Deserts, and also in northwest Mexico; it ranges through the Grand Canyon and Colorado River region to southeast Utah, and in western Arizona, regions along the Lower Colorado River Valley. The Beavertail Cactus is a smaller prickly pear cactus growing about 60 cm tall. A single plant may consist of hundreds of fleshy, flattened pads. These are blue-gray, growing to a length of 14 cm and are maximum 10 cm wide and 1 to 1.5 cm thick. They are usually spineless, but have instead small barbed bristles, called glochids, that easily penetrate the skin. The rose purple flowers bloom from spring to early summer.

There are two subspecies and several varieties of this species:

* Opuntia basilaris subsp. basilaris
o Opuntia basilaris var. albiflorus
o Opuntia basilaris var. aurea
o Opuntia basilaris var. brachyclada
o Opuntia basilaris var. cordata
o Opuntia basilaris var. heilii
o Opuntia basilaris var. humistrata
o Opuntia basilaris var. longiareolata - Elongated Beavertail Prickly Pear
o Opuntia basilaris var. ramosa
o Opuntia basilaris var. treleasei - Trelease's Beavertail Prickly Pear, Bakersfield Cactus (California) EN
o Opuntia basilaris var. woodburyi
* Opuntia basilaris subsp. whitneyana
o Opuntia basilaris subsp. whitneyana var. whitneyana

Some experts consider the Trelease's Beavertail to be a full species (Bowen 1987, R. van de Hoek). It is unique among the varieties of Opuntia basilaris in that the eye-spots contain spines in addition to the bristles; this indicates that the species does vary a lot in its exterior.

Chemistry

Opuntia basilaris is a psychedelic plant containing 0.01% mescaline and 4-hydroxy-3-5-dimethoxyphenethylamine.[1]


References

1. ^ lycaeum

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License