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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Asclepiadoideae
Tribus: Asclepiadeae
Subtribus: Oxypetalinae
Genus: Oxypetalum
Species: O. acerosum – O. aequaliflorum – O. albicans – O. alpinum – O. appendiculatum – O. arachnoideum – O. arenicola – O. argentinum – O. arnottianum – O. attenuatum – O. aurantiacum – O. balansae – O. banksii – O. barberoanum – O. boudetii – O. brachystemma – O. brachystephanum – O. capitatum – O. ceratostemma – O. charrua – O. chodatianum – O. coalitum – O. coccineum – O. coeruleum – O. commersonianum – O. confusum – O. cordifolium – O. corymbosum – O. costae – O. crispum – O. dactylostelma – O. deltoideum – O. dombeyanum – O. dusenii – O. ekblomii – O. erectum – O. erectum – O. erectum – O. erianthum – O. erostre – O. fiebrigii – O. filamentosum – O. flavopurpureum – O. foliosum – O. fontellae – O. fuscum – O. glabrescens – O. glaziovianum – O. glaziovii – O. glomeratum – O. gracile – O. guaraniticum – O. gyrophyllum – O. habrogynum – O. harleyi – O. helios – O. heptalobum – O. hilarianum – O. hoehnei – O. humile – O. incanum – O. insigne – O. jacobinae – O. joergensenii – O. karstenianum – O. kleinii – O. kuhlmannianum – O. laciniatum – O. lanatum – O. leonii – O. lineare – O. lividum – O. longipedunculatum – O. lutescens – O. lynchianum – O. macrolepis – O. malmei – O. marambaiense – O. marginatum – O. martii – O. melinioides – O. microphyllum – O. minarum – O. molle – O. montanum – O. morilloanum – O. mosenii – O. multiflorum – O. muticum – O. nanum – O. nigricans – O. nitidum – O. oblanceolatum – O. obtusifolium – O. ophiuroideum – O. ostenii – O. pachyglossum – O. pachygynum – O. pannosum – O. pardense – O. parviflorum – O. patulum – O. pearsonii – O. pentasetum – O. pilosum – O. polyanthum – O. pubescens – O. radinsii – O. rariflorum – O. reflexum – O. regnellii – O. reitzii – O. retusum – O. rojasianum – O. rusticum – O. schenckii – O. schottii – O. schulzii – O. solanoides – O. stipatum – O. strictum – O. subcapitatum – O. subhirtellum – O. sublanatum – O. suboppositum – O. sylvestre – O. teyucuarense – O. tomentosum – O. tubatum – O. tucumanense – O. urceolatum – O. warmingii – O. weberbaueri – O. wightianum
Name

Oxypetalum R.Br., Asclepiadeae 30. (1810) nom. cons.

Type species: O. coeruleum
Schult.

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Gothofreda Vent., Choix ad t. 60. (1808) nom. rej.
Schistogyne Hook. & Arn., J. Bot. (Hooker) 1: 292 (1835)
Calostigma Decne., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 9: 343 (1838)
Pachyglossum Decne., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 9: 345 (1838)
Schizostemma Decne., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 9: 344 (1838)
Rhyssostelma Decne. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 8: 590 (1844)
Bustelma E.Fourn. in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 6(4): 288 (1885)
Cystostemma E.Fourn. in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 6(4): 204 (1885)
Dactylostelma Schltr., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 45: 452 (1895)
Widgrenia Malme, Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl., n.s., 34(7): 69 (1900)
Corollonema Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 441 (1914)
Amblyopetalum (Griseb.) Malme, Ark. Bot. 21A(3): 17 (1927)
Metoxypetalum Morillo, Ernstia, n.s., 3: 145 (1994)

References

Brown, R. 1810. On the Asclepiadeae. A Natural Order of Plants Separated from the Apocineae of Jussieu 30.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2017. Oxypetalum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Nov. 24. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Oxypetalum. Published online. Accessed: Nov. 24 2017.
Liede-Schumann, S. & Meve, U. 2015. Synonymy of three South American genera in Apocynaceae, and new combinations in Oxypetalum and Tassadia. Phytotaxa 202(1): 35–44. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.202.1.4 Reference page.
Rapini, A., Pereira, J.F. & Goyder, D.J. 2011. Towards a stable generic circumscription in Oxypetalinae (Apocynaceae). Phytotaxa 26(1): 9–16. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.26.1.2 PDF Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2017. Oxypetalum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Nov. 24.

Oxypetalum is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae, first described with this name in 1810.[3] The genus is native to South America.[1][4][5][6][7][8]

Oxypetalum coeruleum is cultivated as an ornamental.

Species[9]

Oxypetalum acerosum - Paraguay
Oxypetalum aequaliflorum - Brazil
Oxypetalum albicans - Brazil
Oxypetalum alpinum - Brazil
Oxypetalum appendiculatum - Paraguay, Brazil
Oxypetalum arachnoideum - Rio de Janeiro
Oxypetalum arenicola - Argentina
Oxypetalum argentinum - Argentina
Oxypetalum arnottianum - Brazil
Oxypetalum arvense - Brazil
Oxypetalum attenuatum - Bolivia
Oxypetalum aurantiacum - Paraguay
Oxypetalum balansae - Paraguay
Oxypetalum banksii - Bahia
Oxypetalum barberoanum - Paraguay
Oxypetalum boliviense - Bolivia
Oxypetalum boudetii
Oxypetalum brachystemma - Argentina, Bolivia
Oxypetalum brachystephanum - Paraguay
Oxypetalum campestre - Brazil
Oxypetalum capitatum - Brazil, Bolivia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname
Oxypetalum ceratostemma - Paraguay
Oxypetalum charrua - Brazil, Argentina, Chile
Oxypetalum chodatianum - Paraguay
Oxypetalum coalitum - Brazil
Oxypetalum coccineum - Argentina
Oxypetalum coeruleum - Argentina
Oxypetalum commersonianum - Uruguay
Oxypetalum confusum - Rio Grande do Sul
Oxypetalum cordifolium - widespread from Cuba + San Luis Potosí south to Peru
Oxypetalum costae - Rio de Janeiro
Oxypetalum crispum - Bolivia, S Brazil
Oxypetalum dactylostelma - Bolivia
Oxypetalum dombeyanum - Peru
Oxypetalum dusenii - Paraná
Oxypetalum ekblomii - Matto Grosso
Oxypetalum erectum - Minas Gerais
Oxypetalum erianthum - Goiás
Oxypetalum erostre - Brazil
Oxypetalum fiebrigii - Bolivia, Argentina
Oxypetalum filamentosum - Paraguay
Oxypetalum flavopurpureum - Bolivia, Peru
Oxypetalum foliosum - São Paulo
Oxypetalum fontellae - N Argentina
Oxypetalum fuscum - Bolivia
Oxypetalum glabrescens - Paraguay
Oxypetalum glabrum - Minas Gerais
Oxypetalum glaziovianum - Brazil
Oxypetalum glaziovii - Brazil
Oxypetalum gracile - N Argentina
Oxypetalum guaraniticum - Argentina
Oxypetalum gyrophyllum - Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
Oxypetalum habrogynum - Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra in Minas Gerais
Oxypetalum harleyi - NE Brazil
Oxypetalum helios - Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra in Minas Gerais
Oxypetalum hilarianum - Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil, Misiones in Argentina
Oxypetalum hoehnei - Paraná
Oxypetalum humile - Paraguay
Oxypetalum incanum - São Paulo
Oxypetalum insigne - São Paulo
Oxypetalum jacobinae - Bahia
Oxypetalum joergensenii - Argentina
Oxypetalum kleinii - Santa Catarina
Oxypetalum kuhlmannianum - Minas Gerais
Oxypetalum lanatum - Serra dos Órgãos in Rio de Janeiro
Oxypetalum leonii - Minas Gerais
Oxypetalum lineare - São Paulo
Oxypetalum lutescens - Rio de Janeiro
Oxypetalum lynchianum - Chaco in Argentina
Oxypetalum macrolepis - Brazil
Oxypetalum malmei - Paraná
Oxypetalum marginatum - Sierra de Maracayú in Paraguay
Oxypetalum martii - Bahia
Oxypetalum melinioides - Minas Gerais
Oxypetalum mexiae - Minas Gerais
Oxypetalum microphyllum - Mountains of Rio Jacquy in Brazil
Oxypetalum minarum - Brazil
Oxypetalum molle - Santa Catarina
Oxypetalum montanum - Jiambe da Villa do Principe in Brazil
Oxypetalum morilloanum - Santa Catarina
Oxypetalum mosenii - Rio Grande do Sul
Oxypetalum mucronatum - Brazil
Oxypetalum muticum - Brazil
Oxypetalum nanum - Paraguay
Oxypetalum nitidum - São Paulo
Oxypetalum oblanceolatum - Paraná
Oxypetalum obtusifolium - Paraná
Oxypetalum ophiuroideum - Sierra de Maracayú in Paraguay
Oxypetalum ostenii - Argentina
Oxypetalum pachyglossum - Bahia, São Paulo
Oxypetalum pachygynum - Minas Gerais
Oxypetalum pannosum - Brazil
Oxypetalum pardense - Brazil
Oxypetalum parviflorum - Rio Grande do Sul
Oxypetalum patulum - Brazil
Oxypetalum pearsonii - Rurrenabaque in Bolivia
Oxypetalum pedicellatum - Brazil
Oxypetalum pentasetum - Yungas in Bolivia
Oxypetalum pilosum - Pedra Bonita in Brazil
Oxypetalum polyanthum - Brazil
Oxypetalum rariflorum - Paraná
Oxypetalum reflexum - Sierra de Amambay in Paraguay
Oxypetalum regnellii - Minas Gerais
Oxypetalum reitzii - Santa Catarina
Oxypetalum retusum - Peru
Oxypetalum rojasianum - Paraguay
Oxypetalum rusticum - Espinhaço Range in Minas Gerais
Oxypetalum schottii - Brazil
Oxypetalum schulzii - Argentina, Uruguay
Oxypetalum solanoides - Buenos Aires Province in Argentina
Oxypetalum stenophyllum - Paraná
Oxypetalum stipatum - Brazil
Oxypetalum streptanthum - Machachi in Ecuador
Oxypetalum strictum - Brazil
Oxypetalum subcapitatum - Sierra de Maracayú in Paraguay
Oxypetalum sublanatum - Brazil
Oxypetalum suboppositum - Paraguay
Oxypetalum tomentosum - Maldonado in Uruguay
Oxypetalum tubatum - Paraná
Oxypetalum urbanianum - Minas Gerais
Oxypetalum warmingii - Brazil
Oxypetalum weberbaueri - Peru
Oxypetalum wightianum - Brazil

formerly included[9]

moved to other genera (Calostigma, Cynanchum, Gothofreda, Morrenia, Philibertia, Tassadia, Tweedia)

O. ampliflorum now Gothofreda ampliflora
O. andinum now Tweedia andina
O. angustifolium now Tweedia birostrata
O. berteroanum now Tassadia berteroanum
O. brevipes now Tweedia birostrata
O. brunonis now Tweedia brunonis
O. burchellii now Calostigma burchellii
O. deltoideum now Gothofreda deltoidea
O. dentatum now Gothofreda dentata
O. echegarayi now Tweedia echegarayi
O. glomeratum now Gothofreda glomerata
O. grandiflorum now Gothofreda grandiflora
O. insigne var. burchellii now Calostigma burchellii
O. kingii now Tweedia echegarayi
O. lagoense now Gothofreda lagoensis
O. ligulatum now Gothofreda ligulata
O. maritimum now Gothofreda maritima
O. monanthum now Gothofreda monantha
O. multiflorum now Calostigma multiflorum
O. niveum now Philibertia nivea
O. pauperculum now Gothofreda paupercula
O. rusbyi now Cynanchum rusbyi
O. scalae now Morrenia scalae
O. stigmatosum now Gothofreda stigmatosa
O. subhirtellum now Gothofreda subhirtella
O. ternifolium now Gothofreda ternifolia
O. variegatum now Morrenia variegata
O. villosum now Gothofreda villosa

References

Tropicos, genus Oxypetalum
Ventenat, Etienne Pierre. 1808. Choix de Plantes, Dont la Plupart Sont Cultivées dans le Jardin de Cels 36, t. 60. in French + Latin
Brown, Robert. 1810. On the Asclepiadeae 30.
Liede-Schumann, Sigrid; Meve, Ulrich (2006). "The Genera of Asclepiadoideae, Secamonoideae and Periplocoideae (Apocynaceae)". Retrieved 19 November 2013.
Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010 Archived 2015-09-06 at the Wayback Machine. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
Zuloaga, F. O., O. Morrone, M. J. Belgrano, C. Marticorena & E. Marchesi. (eds.) 2008. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107(1–3): i–xcvi, 1–3348.
Wood, J. R. I., F. Mamani M., P. Pozo, J. D. Soto & D. Villarroel Segarra. (eds.) 2011. Guía Darwin de las plantas de los cerrados de la Chiquitania 1–212. Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado, Santa Cruz
Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 55: 1–584
The Plant List, genus Oxypetalum

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