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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Astereae
Subtribus: Hinterhuberinae
Genus: Pachystegia
Species: P. insignis – P. minor – P. rufa
Name

Pachystegia Cheeseman, Man. New Zealand Fl., ed. 2. 910. (1925)

Type species: Pachystegia insignis Cheeseman, Man. New Zealand Fl., ed. 2. 910. (1925)

References

Cheeseman, T.F. (†). 1925. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. 2d ed. Government Printer, Wellington, N.Z. 1163 pp. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2017. Pachystegia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2017. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Dec 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Pachystegia. Published online. Accessed: Dec. 15 2017.
Tropicos.org 2017. Pachystegia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Dec. 15.

Vernacular names
English: Marlborough Rock Daisies

Pachystegia is a genus of shrubs in the daisy family, known as Marlborough rock daisies, with distinctive leathery leaves and daisy-like flowers. They are naturally found only in dry areas of the north-eastern South Island of New Zealand.

Taxonomy

Pachystegia was first described by Joseph Hooker in 1855 from specimens collected along the banks of the Waihopai River, Marlborough. Hooker placed it in the tree daisy genus Olearia, naming it Olearia insignis.[1] In 1915 Thomas Cheeseman named a smaller variety O. insignis var. minor;[2] eventually he decided the species was sufficiently different from tree daisies to warrant its own genus, Pachystegia, meaning “thickly covered”, referring to the dense hairs on the undersides of its leaves.[3] Later field study and analysis of flavinoids suggested there were at least six taxonomic entities in Pachystegia.[1] P. minor was elevated to species status, and P. rufa named, but several species remain undescribed.[4]
Described species

Pachystegia insignis (Hook.f.) Cheeseman
Pachystegia minor (Cheeseman) Molloy
Pachystegia rufa Molloy

Pachystegia rufa
Description

Pachystegia is adapted to drought, and grows on dry inland hills and coastal cliffs – it is often restricted to inaccessible rocky bluffs and cliffs, out of the reach of introduced sheep, goats, and rabbits.[1] It often occurs with the other drought-tolerant shrubs Hebe hulkeana and Brachyglottis monroi.[1] All species are low spreading shrubs with leaves that are thick and leathery and white-furred below. Their white daisy flowers have distinctive large buds covered with overlapping scales.[5] Hybridisation between described and undescribed species is common; some hybrid cultivars of P. insignis and P. minor are popular around the world as garden plants.
Distribution

The entire genus is endemic to Marlborough and North Canterbury in the South Island of New Zealand. Pachystegisa insignis is widespread, found from the Wairau River in the north to the Waiau River in Canterbury.[6] P. rufa and P. minor have much smaller ranges, and the latter is considered a threatened species.[7] Pachystegia species are often found on the coast, but they occur as far inland as Molesworth Station and the Upper Awatere River valley.[1] The most endangered is the Ōhau rock daisy, an undescribed species found only on Ōhau Point north of Kaikoura.
References

Molloy, Brian P. J.; Simpson, M. J. A. (1980). "Taxonomy, distribution and ecology of Pachystegia (Compositae): a progress report". New Zealand Journal of Ecology. 3: 1–3. JSTOR 24052000.
Cheeseman, Thomas (1915). "New species of plants". Transactions of the New Zealand Institute. 48: 210–215.
Cheeseman, Thomas F. (1925). Manual of the New Zealand Flora (2nd ed.). Wellington: Government Printer.
"Search results — The Plant List". www.theplantlist.org. Retrieved 2017-12-01.
Dawson, John (1988). Forest Vines to Snow Tussocks. Wellington: Victoria University Press. ISBN 0864730470.
Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network, Pachystegia insignis (Marlborough Rock Daisy)
Molloy, Brian (2001). "Pachystegia rufa and allied rock daisies: rarity and threats" (PDF). DOC Science Internal Series. 17. ISBN 0478221746.

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