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Paeonia peregrina 144-8742

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Saxifragales

Familia: Paeoniaceae
Genus: Paeonia
Sectio: P. sect. Paeonia
Subsectio: P. subsect. Paeonia
Species: Paeonia peregrina
Name

Paeonia peregrina Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. n. 3 (1768).

Typus: Turkey: Renkoei, above Kuzkoei, 12 May 1883. P. Sintenis 334 (Neotype designated by M.S. Uspenskaya & Solovyeva 1991: LE; isoneotypes G!, K!, P!, WU).

Synonyms

Homotypic
Paeonia officinalis var. peregrina (Mill.) Martyn in P.Miller, Gard. Dict. ed. 9, 2(1): n.º 2 (1807).
Paeonia peregrina var. typica Nyár. in Sãvulescu, Flora Rep. Pop. Romane 2: 675 (1953), nom. inval.
Heterotypic
Paeonia angustata Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 1: 145 (1893).
Paeonia byzantina DC., Prodr. 1: 66 (1824), nom. inval., pro syn.
Paeonia baxteri Sabine ex Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck. 370 (1834).
Paeonia decora G.Anderson, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 12(1): 273 (1818).
Typus: Serbia, Nisch, Apr. 1884, S. Petrovic s.n. (Neotype designated by Hong 2010_ 213, BM; isoneotype G).
Paeonia decora D.Brândză, Bul. Soc. Geogr. Rom. 77 (1876), nom. illeg. non G.Anderson (1818).
Paeonia decora var. elatior G.Anderson, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 12(1): 274 (1818).
Typus: non design.
Paeonia decora var. pallasii G.Anderson, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 12(1): 274 (1818).
Typus: non design.
Paeonia foliosa Sabine ex Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck. 370 (1834), nom. inval.
Paeonia lobata Desf., Tabl. École Bot. 126 (1804), nom. inval. non Pall. (1773).
Paeonia lobata Desf. ex DC., Syst. 1: 391 (1817), nom. illeg. non Pall. (1773).
Paeonia multifida Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck 1834: 369 (1835), nom. illeg. non Gueldenst. (1791).
Typus: non design.
Paeonia peregrina f. rosea Janev & Jordanov, Fl. Narodna Republ. Bulg. 4: 707 (1970).
Paeonia peregrina var. acuminata Sabine ex Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck. 370 (1834).
Paeonia peregrina var. byzantina G.Anderson, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 12(1): 278 (1818).
Paeonia peregrina var. compacta G.Anderson, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 12(1): 279 (1818).
Paeonia peregrina var. grevillei G.Anderson, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 12(1): 280 (1818).
Paeonia peregrina var. romanica (D.Brândză) Nyár. in Sãvulescu, Flora Rep. Pop. Romane 2: 675 (1953).
Paeonia peregrina var. romanica (D.Brândză) Simeanu & Corneanu, Ref. Zhurn. Biol.2.(2): V21 (1981), comb. superfl.
Paeonia peregrina var. undulata Sabine ex Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck. 370 (1834).
Paeonia romanica D.D.Brândză, Prod. Fl. Románe: 38 (1879).
Typus: D.Brândză, Anal. Acad. Romane, ser. 2. 2: tab. 2 (1881).
Paeonia officinalis β lobata Webb, Bot. Reg. sub t. 819 (1824).
Paeonia officinalis var. lobata Lindl., Bot. Reg. sub t. 819 (1824).
Paeonia splendens Sabine ex Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck. 370 (1834), nom. inval..
Paeonia officinalis var. villosa Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5(2): 555 (1923).
Paeonia tartarica Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. n. 5 (1768).
Typus: Turkey, Constantinople (Istanbul): Halkali, Dwrekeny, 14 May 1905. G.V. Aznavour s.n. (Neotype, designated by Hong 2010: 215: G).
Paeonia officinalis var. tartarica (Mill.) Martyn in P.Miller, Gard. Dict. ed. 9, 2(1): n.º 2 (1807).

Hybrids

Paeonia × festiva Tausch

Homonyms

Paeonia peregrina Mert. & W.D.J.Koch (1837) = Paeonia officinalis subsp. officinalis
Paeonia splendens E.Vilm. (1863) = Paeonia officinalis subsp. officinalis

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
Regional: Eastern Europe
Ukraine.
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Western Asia
Turkey.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Miller, P. 1768. The Gardeners Dictionary: containing the best and newest methods of cultivating and improving the kitchen, fruit, flower garden, and nursery. Ed. 8, 3 volumes (without pagination), John & Francis Rivington, London. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.541 Reference page.

Additional references

Hong, D.Y. 2010. Peonies of the world. Taxonomy and phytogeography. 302 pp., Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 978-1-84246-392-5. Reference page.

Links

USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Paeonia peregrina in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Paeonia peregrina in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Nov 19. Reference page.

Vernacular names
català: Peònia de muntanya

Paeonia peregrina is a species of flowering plant in the peony family Paeoniaceae, native to Southeastern Europe and Turkey. It is an erect, herbaceous perennial with 9-lobed, deeply divided leaves. Single, glossy red flowers, 10–13 cm (4–5 in) in diameter, with prominent yellow stamens, are borne in spring (May in the Northern Hemisphere).[1]

The cultivar 'Otto Froebel' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[2][3]
References

RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
"RHS Plant Selector - Paeonia peregrina 'Otto Froebel'". Retrieved 16 January 2021.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 71. Retrieved 17 April 2018.

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