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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Mimoseae
Genus: Parkia
Species: P. bicolor – P. biglandulosa – P. biglobosa – P. decussata – P. discolor – P. filicoidea – P. gigantocarpa – P. intermedia – P. multijuga – P. nitida – P. panurensis – P. parrii – P. pendula – P. platycephala – P. speciosa – P. timoriana – P. ulei – P. velutina

Parkia R.Br. (1826)

Type species: P. africana R.Br. (1826), nom. illeg.


Brown, R. 1826: Denh. & Clapp. Trav. App. 234.

Parkia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae. It belongs to the mimosoid clade of the subfamily Caesalpinioideae.[2] Several species are known as African locust bean.

In 1995, about 31 species were known.[3] Four more species were outlined in 2009.[4]

Parkia species are found throughout the tropics, with four species in Africa, about ten in Asia, and about 20 in the neotropics. The neotropical species were revised in 1986.[5]

As of 2020, Plants of the World Online (POWO) recognised the following species:[6]

Parkia bahiae H.C.Hopkins
Parkia balslevii H.C.Hopkins
Parkia barnebyana H.C.Hopkins
Parkia bicolor A.Chev. – African locust-bean
Parkia biglandulosa Wight & Arn.
Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R.Br. ex G.Don
Parkia cachimboensis H.C.Hopkins
Parkia decussata Ducke
Parkia discolor Spruce ex Benth.
Parkia filicina (Willd.) Benth. ex Walp.
Parkia filicoidea Welw. ex Oliv.
Parkia gigantocarpa Ducke
Parkia igneiflora Ducke
Parkia insignis Kurz
Parkia intermedia Hassk.
Parkia javanica (Lam.) Merr.
Parkia korom Kaneh.
Parkia leiophylla Kurz
Parkia lutea H.C.Hopkins
Parkia madagascariensis R.Vig.
Parkia multijuga Benth.
Parkia nana D.A.Neill
Parkia nitida Miq.
Parkia panurensis Benth. ex H.C.Hopkins
Parkia paraensis Ducke
Parkia parrii Horne ex Baker
Parkia parvifoliola Hosok.
Parkia paya H.C.Hopkins
Parkia pendula (Willd.) Benth. ex Walp.
Parkia platycephala Benth.
Parkia reticulata Ducke
Parkia sherfeseei Merr.
Parkia singularis Miq.
Parkia speciosa Hassk. – twisted cluster bean, stink bean
Parkia sumatrana Miq.
Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr. – tree bean
Parkia truncata R.S.Cowan
Parkia ulei (Harms) Kuhlm.
Parkia velutina Benoist
Parkia versteeghii Merr. & L.M.Perry


"genus Parkia". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) online database. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). (2017). "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Taxon. 66 (1): 44–77. doi:10.12705/661.3.
Melissa Luckow and Helen C.F. Hopkins. 1995. "A cladistic analysis of Parkia". American Journal of Botany 82(10):1300-1320.
David A. Neill. 2009. "Parkia nana (Leguminosae, Mimosoideae), a New Species from the Sub-Andean Sandstone Cordilleras of Peru". Novon 19(2):204-208. doi:10.3417/2007152
Helen C.F. Hopkins and Marlene Freitas Da Silva. 1986. "Parkia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) (Flora Neotropica Monograph No. 43) with Dimorphandra (Caesalpiniaceae) (FN Monograph No. 44)". In: Flora Neotropica (series). The New York Botanical Garden Press.
"Parkia". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 27 March 2020.

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