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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Mimoseae
Genus: Pentaclethra
Species: P. eetveldeana – P. macroloba – P. macrophylla
Name

Pentaclethra Benth.

Pentaclethra is a small genus of trees from the tropics. They are flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the mimosoid clade of the subfamily Caesalpinioideae.

The name Pentaclethra is derived from Ancient Greek, penta meaning 'five', and cleithro meaning 'bolt', which alludes to the five imbricate sepals and five petals joined at their bases; this character defines the genus.[2]
Species

Pentaclethra is a small genus with three species.[3] It is considered basal to the mimosoid clade.[2] One species, P. macroloba, occurs in the American tropics. This is the dominant tree in certain seasonal swamp forests in coastal areas of Atlantic Panama.[4] The other two species occur in Africa.[3]

Pentaclethra eetveldeana De Wild. & T.Durand
Pentaclethra macroloba (Willd.) Kuntze
Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth.

References

The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). (2017). "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Taxon. 66 (1): 44–77. doi:10.12705/661.3.
de Barros, Thais C.; Pedersoli, Giseli D.; Paulino, Juliana V.; Teixeira, Simone P. (15 February 2017). "In the interface of caesalpinioids and mimosoids: Comparative floral development elucidates shared characters in Dimorphandra mollis and Pentaclethra macroloba (Leguminosae)". American Journal of Botany. 104 (2): 218–232. doi:10.3732/ajb.1600308.
"Pentaclethra Benth". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
C. Michael Hogan. 2008. Isthmian–Atlantic moist forests. Encyclopedia of Earth and World Wildlife Fund National Council of Science and the Environment, eds. Mark Mcginley and Cutler Cleveland

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