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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Periplocoideae
Genus: Periploca
Species: P. angustifolia – P. aphylla – P. calophylla – P. chevalieri – P. chrysantha – P. ciliata – P. floribunda – P. forrestii – P. gracilis – P. graeca – P. hydaspidis – P. laevigata – P. linearifolia – P. purpurea – P. sepium – P. tsiangii – P. visciformis

Name

Periploca L., Sp. Pl. 1: 211 (1753).

Type species: Periploca graeca L., Sp. Pl. 1: 211 (1753)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Aploca Neck., Elem. Bot. 1: 255 (1790), opus utiq. oppr.
Ehretiana Collinson, Linn. Corresp. 1: 32 (1821)
Campelepis Falc., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 19: 101 (1845)
Socotora Balf.f., Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 12: 77 (1883)
Cyprinia Browicz, Feddes Repert. 72: 127 (1966)

Excluded or synonymous taxa

P. arborea – P. esculenta
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 211. Reference page.
Browicz, K. 1966. The genus Periploca L. A monograph. Arboretum Kórnickie 11: 5–104. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2017. Periploca in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2017 Sept. 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Periploca. Published online. Accessed: Sept. 21 2017.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Абвойнік
English: Silk Vines
suomi: Silkkisarvet
svenska: Trädslingesläktet

Periploca is a genus of plants in the family Apocynaceae, first described for modern science by Linnaeus in 1753. It is native to Europe, Asia, and Africa.[1][2]

Species[3]

Periploca aphylla Decne. - Middle East from Sinai to Pakistan
Periploca calophylla (Wight) Falc. - S China, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, E Himalayas, Vietnam
Periploca chevalieri Browicz - Cape Verde Islands
Periploca chrysantha D.S. Yao, X.D. Chen & J.W. Ren - Gansu Province in China
Periploca floribunda Tsiang - Yunnan, Vietnam
Periploca forrestii Schltr. - Guangxi, Guizhou, Qinghai, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan, India, Kashmir, Myanmar, Nepal
Periploca graeca L. - Mediterranean
Periploca hydaspidis Falc. - Kashmir
Periploca laevigata Aiton - Canary Islands, Savage Islands
Periploca linearifolia Quart.-Dill. & A. Rich - Ethiopia
Periploca nigrescens Afzel. - W Africa
Periploca refractifolia Gilli - Tanzania
Periploca sepium Bunge - widespread across much of China
Periploca tsiangii D. Fang & H.Z. Ling - Guangxi Province in China
Periploca visciformis (Vatke) K. Schum. - Somalia

formerly included[3]

P. africana, syn of Cynanchum africanum
P. albicans, syn of Streptocaulon albicans
P. alboflavescens, syn of Parsonsia alboflavescens
P. apiculata, syn of Tacazzea apiculata
P. arborea, syn of Wrightia arborea
P. astacus, syn of Trachelospermum axillare
P. bifida, syn of Cryptolepis bifida
P. calophylla (Baill.) Roberty 1953 not (Wight) Falc. 1841, syn of Omphalogonus calophyllus
P. capsularis, syn of Parsonsia capsularis
P. chinensis, syn of Cryptolepis sinensis
P. cochinchinensis, syn of Calotropis gigantea
P. cordata, syn of Hemidesmus cordatus
P. divaricata, syn of Strophanthus divaricatus
P. emetica, syn of Secamone emetica
P. esculenta, syn of Oxystelma esculentum
P. gracilis, syn of Cyprinia gracilis
P. indica, syn of Hemidesmus indicus
P. mauritiana, syn of Camptocarpus mauritianus
P. palvallii, syn of Ichnocarpus frutescens
P. parviflora, syn of Streptocaulon parviflorum
P. pyrotechnica, syn of Leptadenia pyrotechnica
P. secamone, syn of Sarcostemma secamone
P. sylvestris, syn of Gymnema sylvestre
P. tunicata, syn of Cynanchum tunicatum
P. umbellata, syn of Pinochia corymbosa
P. virgata, syn of Orthosia virgata

See also

Cyprinia a closely related plant

References

Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 195 杠柳属 gang liu shu Periploca Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 211. 1753
Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Periploca includes photos plus European distribution maps

The Plant List

Browicz, K. (1966). The genus Periploca L. A monograph. Arbor. Kórnickie 11: 5–104.
USDA Plants database
UniProt Taxonomy database

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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