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Periploca laevigata

Periploca laevigata (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Periplocoideae
Genus: Periploca
Species: Periploca laevigata
Name

Periploca laevigata Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 301. 1789.
Synonyms

Homotypic
Periploca oleifolia Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 148 (1796), nom. superfl.
Heterotypic
Periploca punicifolia Cav., Icon. 3: 9 (1795).
Periploca laevigata f. anomalis G.Kunkel, Cuad. Bot. Canaria 16: 44 (1972).
Periploca laevigata f. obovata G.Kunkel, Cuad. Bot. Canaria 28: 61 (1976 publ. 1977).
Periploca laevigata f. undulata G.Kunkel, Cuad. Bot. Canaria 28: 61 (1976 publ. 1977).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Crete, SE-Spain, Sicily, Malta
Continental: Africa
Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Sahara, Egypt (N Egypt), Syria (coastal W-Syria), Mauritania, Islas Selvagens, Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Aiton, W. 1789. Hortus Kewensis; or, a catalogue of the plants cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew. Vol. I. Monandria–Heptandria. XXX+496 pp., tt. 1–6. George Nicol, London. BHL Reference page. : 1: 301.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Periploca laevigata in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 13. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2018. Periploca laevigata. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 13. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Periploca laevigata. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 13 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Periploca laevigata in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 13.
Tropicos.org 2018. Periploca laevigata. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 13.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Periploca laevigata in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: Cornical

Periploca laevigata is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae, native to the Canary Islands,[2] the Savage Islands[1] and Cape Verde.[3]

The species was described by William Aiton and was published in Hortus Kewensis in 1789.[4] Its Spanish names are cornicabra or cornica. "Cornicabra" means goat horn.

Subspecies

Periploca laevigata subsp. chevalieri (Browicz) G. Kunkel - found in Cape Verde

Description

The plant is a shrub and can grow up to 2 metres. Its leaves are lanceolate or. Its stems grow up to 15 cm and is about 1 cm thick. Its petals are oblong at the end and has a yellowish-green colour at its ends, inside, it is brown. Its seed pods are long and pointed-like at the ends.

Its chromosome number is 2n = 22.[5]
Distribution
The plant is native to the Canary Islands,[2][6] the Savage Islands and Cape Verde. In Cape Verde they occur on the islands of Brava, Fogo, Santa Luzia, Santiago, Santo Antão and São Nicolau.[6][3] Some authors put the Cape Verdean subspecies as separate (as Periploca chevalieri, Browicz).

References

"Periploca laevigata", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2018-01-11
Manuel Arechavaleta, S. Rodríguez, Nieves Zurita, A. García (Hrsg.): Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias. Hongos, plantas y animales terrestres (List of Forest Species of the Canary Islands). 2009. Gobierno de Canarias, p. 148 ISBN 978-84-89729-21-6
Oromí, Martín, Zurita & Cabrera, 2005 : Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: Hongos, Plantas y Animales Terrestres. Gobierno de Canarias, Consejería de Medio Ambiente y Ordenación Territorial, p. 46
William Aiton: Hortus Kewensis, or, a catalogue the plants cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew. Volume I (Monandria–Heptandria), George Nicol, London 1789, p. 301
Periploca laevigata, Tropicos, IPCN Chromosome Reports, Missouri Botanical Gardens
Alfred Hansen, Per Sunding: Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants (= Sommerfeltia. Band 17). 4. revised edition. Botanical Garden and Museum, University of Oslo, Oslo 1993, p. 34–35. ISBN 82-7420-019-5

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