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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pharoideae
Tribus: Phareae
Genera: Leptaspis - Pharus - Scrotochloa

Name

Pharoideae L.G. Clark & Judz. Taxon 45(4): 643. (1996)

Typus: Pharus P. Browne Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica 344, pl. 38, f. 3. (1756)

References

Clark, L.G. & Judziewicz, E.J. 1996. Taxon 45(4): 643.
Soreng, R.J., Davidse, G., Peterson, P.M., Zuloaga, F.O., Judziewicz, E.J., Filgueiras, T.S., Morrone, O. & Komaschenko, K. [2000 onwards.] World-wide Phylogenetic Classification of Poaceae (Gramineae). Catalogue of New World Grasses, Tropicos Project 10. Website. Reference page.
Soreng, R.J., Peterson, P.M., Romaschenko, K., Davidse, G., Zuloaga, F.O., Judziewicz, E.J., Filgueiras, T.S., Davis, J.I. & Morrone, O. 2015. A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae). Journal of Systematics and Evolution 53(2): 117–137. DOI: 10.1111/jse.12150 Paywall PDF. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Pharoideae. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Oct. 4.
Tropicos.org 2013. Pharoideae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Oct. 3.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Pharoideae. Published online. Accessed: 3 Oct. 2013.

Pharoideae is a subfamily of the true grass family Poaceae, containing the single tribe Phareae with the two genera Leptaspis and Pharus. Its members grow on the shaded floors of tropical to warm temperate forests.

This subfamily is one of the earliest-diverging grass lineages, older than the big BOP and PACMAD clades:[1]

Poaceae

Anomochlooideae

Pharoideae

Puelioideae

BOP clade

PACMAD clade



References

Grass Phylogeny Working Group II (2012). "New grass phylogeny resolves deep evolutionary relationships and discovers C4 origins". New Phytologist. 193 (2): 304–312. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03972.x. hdl:2262/73271. PMID 22115274. open access

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