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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Oleaceae
Tribus: Oleeae
Subtribus: Oleinae
Genus: Phillyrea

P. angustifolia – P. latifolia

Phillyrea L., Sp. Pl. 1: 7. (1753).
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 7.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Phillyrea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 May 24. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Phillyrea. Published online. Accessed: 24 May 2020.

Vernacular names
suomi: Piipensaat
Türkçe: Akçakesme

Phillyrea is a genus of two species of flowering plants in the family Oleaceae, native to the Mediterranean region, and naturalized in the Canary Islands and Madeira.[2]

They are evergreen shrubs or small trees growing to 3–9 m tall, related to Ligustrum, Olea and Osmanthus. The leaves are in opposite pairs, small, leathery, ovate to lanceolate, 2–6 cm long and 0.5–2 cm broad. The flowers are small, greenish-white, produced in short clusters. The fruit is a drupe containing a single seed.

Phillyrea angustifolia L. - native to western and central Mediterranean Basin, Portugal to Albania.
Phillyrea latifolia L. - native to entire Mediterranean Basin, Portugal to Syria.

A third species P. decora from the Caucasus is now usually treated in the genus Osmanthus as Osmanthus decorus. Over 200 other names have been proposed over the years, now considered synonyms of existing taxa.[2]

Lectotype designated by: Hitchcock, A. S. 1923. American Journal of Botany 10: 514.

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Phillyrea

Flora Europaea: Phillyrea

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