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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Phytolaccaceae
Subfamiliae: Agdestidoideae – Phytolaccoideae
Genera: AgdestisAnisomeriaErcillaPhytolacca

Phytolaccaceae R. Br. Narr. Exped. Zaire 454. (1818) nom. cons.

Type genus: Phytolacca L. Sp. Pl. 1: 441. (1753)

Note: Circumscription follows APG (2016) and Stevens (2017) rather than Hernández-Ledesma et al. (2015) or Tropicos (2017) it is therefore a view of Phytolaccaceae s.s. excluding particularly Petiveriaceae, but including Agdestis c.f. Hernández-Ledesma et al. (2015).

Brown, R. 1818. Narrative of an Expedition to Explore the River Zaire 454.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1–20. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12385 Reference page.
Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., Mering, S. v., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler R., Ocampo G., Ochoterena, H., Oxelman, B., Rabeler, R. K., Sanchez, A., Schlumpberger, B. O. & Uotila, P. 2015. A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Willdenowia 45(3): 281–383. DOI: 10.3372/wi.45.45301 Open access Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Phytolaccaceae. Published online. Accessed: Apr. 27 2017.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page. 2017. Phytolaccaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 27 Apr. 2017.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Kermesbeerengewächse
English: Pokeweed Family
español: Fitolacáceas
suomi: Kermesmarjakasvit
français: Phytolaccacées
日本語: ヤマゴボウ科
Nederlands: Karmozijnbesfamilie
norsk: Kermesbærfamilien
polski: Szkarłatkowate
svenska: Kermesbärsväxter
Türkçe: Şekerciboyasıgiller
中文: 商陆科

Phytolaccaceae is a family of flowering plants. Though almost universally recognized by taxonomists, its circumscription has varied. It is also known as the Pokeweed family.

The APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, of 1998), also recognizes this family and assigns it to the order Caryophyllales in the clade core eudicots. The family comprises five genera, totalling 33 known species.[3] It is divided into the subfamilies Agdestioideae and Phytolaccoideae, with the former Rivinioideae in the Takhtajan system,[4] now placed in its own family Petiveriaceae

Genera and species

The Phytolaccaceae includes the following genera:

Agdestis Moc. & Sessé ex DC. — 1 species
Anisomeria D.Don — 3 species
Ercilla A.Juss. — 2 species
Nowickea J.Martínez & J.A.McDonald — 2 species
Phytolacca L. — ca 25 species

Former genera

The following genera were previously included in the Phytolaccaceae:[5]

Achatocarpus Triana → Achatocarpaceae
Barbeuia Thouars → Barbeuiaceae
Gallesia Casar. → Petiveriaceae
Gisekia L. → Gisekiaceae
Hilleria Vell. → Petiveriaceae
Gyrostemon Desf. → Gyrostemonaceae
Ledenbergia Klotzsch ex Moq. → Petiveriaceae
Lophiocarpus Turcz. → Lophiocarpaceae
Microtea Sw. → Microteaceae
Monococcus F.Muell. → Petiveriaceae
Petiveria L. → Petiveriaceae
Phaulothamnus A.Gray → Achatocarpaceae
Rivina L. → Petiveriaceae
Schindleria H.Walter → Petiveriaceae
Seguieria Loefl. → Petiveriaceae
Stegnosperma Benth. → Stegnospermataceae
Trichostigma A.Rich. → Petiveriaceae


"Family: Phytolaccaceae R. Br., nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 17 January 2003. Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
Takhtajan, Armen (2009). Flowering Plants (2 ed.). Springer. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-4020-9608-2.
"GRIN genera sometimes placed in Phytolaccaceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 18 November 2004. Retrieved 13 October 2015.

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