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Platanthera grandiflora

Platanthera grandiflora (Natural Resources Conservation Service)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Platanthera
Species: Platanthera grandiflora
Name

Platanthera grandiflora (Bigelow) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 294 (1835)
Synonyms

Basionym
Orchis grandiflora Bigelow, Fl. Boston., ed. 2: 321 (1824)
Homotypic
Habenaria grandiflora (Bigelow) Torr. ex L.C.Beck, Bot. North. Middle States: 349 (1833)
Platanthera fimbriata var. grandiflora (Bigelow) Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 200 (1839)
Habenaria psycodes var. grandiflora (Bigelow) A.Gray, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 38: 310 (1840)
Platanthera psycodes var. grandiflora (Bigelow) Torr., Fl. New York 2: 278 (1843)
Blephariglottis grandiflora (Bigelow) Rydb. in N.L.Britton, Man. Fl. N. States: 296 (1901)
Blephariglottis psycodes var. grandiflora (Bigelow) J.H.Schaffn., Cat. Ohio Vasc. Pl.: 161 (1914)
Fimbriella psycodes var. grandiflora (Bigelow) Butzin, Willdenowia 11: 324 (1981).
Fimbriella grandiflora (Bigelow) Efimov, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 40: 49 (2008 publ. 2009)
Heterotypic
Orchis fimbriata Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 297 (1789), provisional synonym
Habenaria fimbriata (Aiton) R.Br. in W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 5: 193 (1813)
Platanthera fimbriata (Aiton) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 293 (1835)
Habenaria fimbriata f. albiflora E.L.Rand & Redfield, Fl. Mt. Desert Isl.: 153 (1894)
Habenaria fimbriata f. mentotonsa Fernald, Rhodora 48: 184 (1946)
Platanthera grandiflora f. albiflora (E.L.Rand & Redfield) Catling, Naturaliste Canad. 109: 277 (1982)
Platanthera grandiflora f. mentotonsa (Fernald) P.M.Br., Wild Fl. Notes 3: 22 (1988)
Platanthera grandiflora f. bicolor P.M.Br., N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 1: 12 (1995)
Platanthera grandiflora f. carnea P.M.Br., N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 1: 12 (1995)
Blephariglottis grandiflora f. albiflora (E.L.Rand & Redfield) Baumbach & P.M.Br., N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 15: 74 (2009)
Blephariglottis grandiflora f. bicolor (P.M.Br.) Baumbach & P.M.Br., N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 15: 74 (2009)
Blephariglottis grandiflora f. carnea (P.M.Br.) Baumbach & P.M.Br., N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 15: 74 (2009)
Blephariglottis grandiflora f. mentotonsa (Fernald) Baumbach & P.M.Br., N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 15: 74 (2009)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Northern America
Eastern Canada
New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isle, Québec.
North-Central U.S.A.
Illinois.
Northeastern U.S.A.
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Islands, Vermont, West Virginia.
Southeastern U.S.A.
Delaware †, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Lindley, J. 1835. The Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants 294.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Platanthera grandiflora in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 September 3. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Platanthera grandiflora in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 September 3. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Platanthera grandiflora. Published online. Accessed: 3 September 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Platanthera grandiflora in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 September 3.
Tropicos.org 2019. Platanthera grandiflora. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 September 3.

Vernacular names

English: Greater purple fringed orchid

Platanthera grandiflora, the greater purple fringed orchid,[1] is a species of orchid, genus Platanthera, occurring from Ontario to Newfoundland, south along the Appalachian Mountains to northeastern Georgia, with an isolated population in Illinois.[2][3] It is imperiled in Georgia, Tennessee, Virginia and North Carolina.
References

"Platanthera grandiflora". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
Flora of North America v 26 p 565, Platanthera grandiflora
Biota of North America Program, county distribution map

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