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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Ericaceae
Subfamilia: Monotropoideae
Tribus: Monotropeae
Genus: Pleuricospora
Species: P. fimbriolata
Name

Pleuricospora A.Gray Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 7(2): 369–370. (1868)

Type species: Pleuricospora fimbriolata A. Gray Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 7(2): 369–370. (1868)

References

Gray, A. 1868. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 7(2): 369–370. BHL

Links

Hassler, M. 2020. Pleuricospora. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2020 May 22. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Pleuricospora in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 May 22. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Pleuricospora. Published online. Accessed: May 22 2020.
Tropicos.org 2020. Pleuricospora. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 22 May 2020.

Vernacular names

Pleuricospora is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae containing the single species Pleuricospora fimbriolata, which is known by the common name fringed pinesap. It is native to the forests of the west coast of North America from British Columbia to the San Francisco Bay Area. This perennial herb is a mycoheterotroph, parasitizing fungi for nutrients. It is yellowish, cream or white in color, lacking chlorophyll, with the tips of the bracts darkening with age. It produces a fleshy stemless peduncle above the leaf litter of the forest floor, reaching no more than 10 to 12 centimeters tall. Leaves are reduced to scales or absent, as the plant does not perform photosynthesis. The aboveground portion of the plant is essentially just inflorescence, with cylindrical whitish flowers blooming for a short time. The flower has four or five petals and about eight stamens in its throat. It produces a fleshy berry under a centimeter wide containing many tiny, sticky seeds. The seeds are dispersed when small mammals eat the fruits.[1]
References

Botanical Society Parasitic Plant Pages

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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