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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Lamioideae
Tribus: Pogostemoneae
Genus: Pogostemon
Species: P. amaranthoides – P. andersonii – P. aquaticus – P. atropurpureus – P. auricularius – P. barbatus – P. benghalensis – P. brachystachyus – P. brevicorollus – P. cablin – P. championii – P. chinensis – P. crassicaulis – P. cristatus – P. cruciatus – P. dasianus – P. deccanensis – P. dielsianus – P. elatispicatus – P. elsholtzioides – P. erectus – P. esquirolii – P. falcatus – P. formosanus – P. fraternus – P. gardneri – P. glaber – P. glabratus – P. globulosus – P. gracilis – P. griffithii – P. hedgei – P. helferi – P. heynea – P. heyneanus – P. hirsutus – P. hispidocalyx – P. hispidus – P. hortensis – P. hortensis – P. ianthinus – P. intermedius – P. kachinensis – P. koehneanus – P. lavandulispica – P. linearis – P. litigiosus – P. longifolius – P. lythroides – P. macgregorii – P. manipurensis – P. membranaceus – P. menthoides – P. micangensis – P. mollis – P. mutamba – P. myosuroides – P. nelsonii – P. nepetoides – P. nigrescens – P. nilagiricus – P. paludosus – P. paniculatus – P. parviflorus – P. peethapushpum – P. peguanus – P. pentagonus – P. petiolaris – P. philippinensis – P. plectrantoides – P. pressii – P. pubescens – P. pumilus – P. purpurascens – P. quadrifolius – P. reflexus – P. reticulatus – P. rogersii – P. rotundatus – P. rugosus – P. rupestris – P. salicifolius – P. sampsonii – P. septentrionalis – P. speciosus – P. stellatus – P. stocksii – P. strigosus – P. szemaoensis – P. tisserantii – P. travancoricus – P. trinervis – P. tuberculosus – P. velatus – P. vestitus – P. villosus – P. wattii – P. wightii – P. williamsii – P. xanthiiphyllus – P. yatabeanus
Name

Pogostemon Desf., Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 2: 154 (1815)
Type species: Pogostemon plectrantoides Desf., Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 2: 155 (1815)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Wensea J.C.Wendl., Coll. Pl. 3: 24 (1819)
Dysophylla Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 826 (1826)
Chotekia Opiz & Corda, Flora 13: t. 33 (1830)
Eusteralis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 95 (1837)
Dysophylla El Gazzar & L.Watson ex Airy Shaw, Taxon 16: 190 (1967), nom. illeg.
Anuragia Raizada, Suppl. Duthie's Fl. Upper Gangetic Plain: 219 (1976), nom. illeg.

References

Desfontaines, R.L. (1815) Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. 2: 154.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Pogostemon in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 June 16. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Pogostemon. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 June 16.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Pogostemon. Published online. Accessed: June 16 2014.

Pogostemon is a large genus from the family Lamiaceae, first described as a genus in 1815. It is native to warmer parts of Asia, Africa, and Australia.[1]

The best known member of this genus is patchouli, Pogostemon cablin, widely cultivated in Asia for its scented foliage, used for perfume, incense, insect repellent, herbal tea, etc.[2] In 1997, it was proposed for the genus to be split into three subgenera— Allopogostemon Bhatti & Ingr., Dysophyllus (Blume) Bhatti & Ingr., and Pogostemon sensu Bhatti & Ingr. based on numerous morphological characteristics.[3][4][5] However, the significant variability in these traits as well as possible convergent evolution within this genus has made classification of species challenging.[3][6]
Selected species

Species include:[7]

Pogostemon amaranthoides Benth.
Pogostemon andersonii (Prain) Panigrahi
Pogostemon aquaticus (C.H.Wright) Press
Pogostemon atropurpureus Benth.
Pogostemon auricularius (L.) Hassk. - southeast Asia
Pogostemon barbatus Bhoti & Ingr.
Pogostemon benghalensis (Burm.f.) Kuntze
Pogostemon brachystachyus Benth.
Pogostemon brevicorollus Y.Z.Sun
Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. - South Asia & southeast Asia
Pogostemon championii Prain
Pogostemon chinensis C.Y.Wu & Y.C.Huang
Pogostemon crassicaulis (Benth.) Press
Pogostemon cristatus Hassk.
Pogostemon cruciatus (Benth.) Kuntze
Pogostemon dasianus A.B.De & Mukerjee
Pogostemon deccanensis (Panigrahi) Press
Pogostemon dielsianus Dunn
Pogostemon elatispicatus Bhoti & Ingr.
Pogostemon elsholtzioides Benth.
Pogostemon erectus (Dalzell) Kuntze
Pogostemon esquirolii (H.Lév.) C.Y.Wu & Y.C.Huang
Pogostemon falcatus (C.Y.Wu) C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li
Pogostemon formosanus Oliv. - Taiwan
Pogostemon fraternus Miq.
Pogostemon gardneri Hook.f.
Pogostemon glaber Benth.
Pogostemon glabratus Chermsir. ex Press
Pogostemon globulosus Phuong ex Suddee & A.J.Paton
Pogostemon griffithii Prain
Pogostemon hedgei V.S.Kumar & B.D.Sharma
Pogostemon helferi (Hook.f.) Press
Pogostemon heyneanus Benth. - South Asia & southeast Asia
Pogostemon hirsutus Benth.
Pogostemon hispidocalyx C.Y.Wu & Y.C.Huang
Pogostemon hispidus (Benth.) Prain
Pogostemon kachinensis (Mukerjee) Panigrahi
Pogostemon koehneanus (Muschl.) Press
Pogostemon linearis (Benth.) Kuntze
Pogostemon litigiosus Doan ex Suddee & A.J.Paton
Pogostemon lythroides (Diels) Press
Pogostemon macgregorii W.W.Sm.
Pogostemon manipurensis V.S.Kumar
Pogostemon membranaceus Merr.
Pogostemon menthoides Blume
Pogostemon micangensis G.Taylor
Pogostemon mollis Benth.
Pogostemon mutamba (Hiern) G.Taylor
Pogostemon myosuroides (Roth) Kuntze
Pogostemon nelsonii Doan ex Suddee & A.J.Paton
Pogostemon nepetoides Stapf
Pogostemon nigrescens Dunn
Pogostemon nilagiricus Gamble
Pogostemon paludosus Benth. - southern India
Pogostemon paniculatus (Willd.) Benth.
Pogostemon parviflorus Benth.
Pogostemon peethapushpum Pradeep
Pogostemon peguanus (Prain) Press
Pogostemon pentagonus (C.B.Clarke ex Hook.f.) Kuntze
Pogostemon petiolaris Benth.
Pogostemon philippinensis S.Moore
Pogostemon plectrantoides Desf.
Pogostemon pressii Panigrahi
Pogostemon pubescens Benth.
Pogostemon pumilus (Graham) Press
Pogostemon purpurascens Dalzell
Pogostemon quadrifolius (Benth.) F.Muell.
Pogostemon raghavendranii R.Murugan & Livingst.
Pogostemon rajendranii Ramasamy
Pogostemon reflexus Benth.
Pogostemon reticulatus Merr.
Pogostemon rogersii N.E.Br.
Pogostemon rotundatus Benth.
Pogostemon rugosus (Hook.f.) El Gazzar & L.Watson
Pogostemon rupestris Benth.
Pogostemon salicifolius (Dalzell ex Hook.f.) El Gazzar & L.Watson
Pogostemon sampsonii (Hance) Press
Pogostemon septentrionalis C.Y.Wu & Y.C.Huang
Pogostemon speciosus Benth.
Pogostemon stellatus (Lour.) Kuntze - southeast Asia, southern China, northern Australia
Pogostemon stocksii (Hook.f.) Press
Pogostemon strigosus (Benth.) Benth.
Pogostemon szemaoensis (C.Y.Wu & S.J.Hsuan) Press
Pogostemon tisserantii (Pellegr.) Bhoti & Ingr.
Pogostemon travancoricus Bedd.
Pogostemon trinervis Chermsir. ex Press
Pogostemon tuberculosus Benth.
Pogostemon velatus Benth.
Pogostemon vestitus Benth.
Pogostemon villosus (Roxb.) Benth.
Pogostemon wattii C.B.Clarke
Pogostemon wightii Benth.
Pogostemon williamsii Elmer
Pogostemon xanthiifolius C.Y.Wu & Y.C.Huang
Pogostemon yatabeanus (Makino) Press

References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Leung A, Foster S Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs and cosmetics John Wiley and Sons 1996
"Leaf micromorphological adaptation of Pogostemon spp. (section Eusteralis) in Thailand". Agriculture and Natural Resources. 52 (3): 250–258. 2018-06-01. doi:10.1016/j.anres.2018.09.002. ISSN 2452-316X.
Bhatti, G. R. and M. Ingrouille. “Systematics of Pogostemon (Labiatae).” Bulletin of The Natural History Museum. Botany Series (1997): n. pag.
INGROUILLE, M. & Bhatti, Ghulamraza. (2008). Infrageneric relationships within Pogostemon Desf. (Labiatae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 128. 159 - 183. 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1998.tb02114.x.
Yao, G., Deng, Y., & Ge, X. (2015). A TAXONOMIC REVISION OF POGOSTEMON (LAMIACEAE) FROM CHINA. Phytotaxa, 200, 1-67.
The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved June 19, 2016

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