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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Portulacaceae
Genus: Portulaca
Species: P. africana – P. amilis – P. argentinensis – P. aurantiaca – P. bicolor – P. biloba – P. brevifolia – P. bulbifera – P. californica – P. canariensis – P. cardenasiana – P. caulerpoides – P. centrali-africana – P. chacoana – P. ciferrii – P. clavigera – P. colombiana – P. commutata – P. confertifolia – P. conoidea – P. constricta – P. conzattii – P. coralloides – P. cryptopetala – P. cubensis – P. cyclophylla – P. cypria – P. daninii – P. decorticans – P. dhofarica – P. diegoi – P. digyna – P. dodomaensis – P. echinosperma – P. edulis – P. eitenii – P. elatior – P. elongata – P. eruca – P. erythraeae – P. fascicularis – P. filsonii – P. fischeri – P. fluvialis – P. foliosa – P. foliosa – P. fragilis – P. frieseana – P. fulgens – P. gilliesii – P. giuliettiae – P. goiasensis – P. gracilis – P. grandiflora – P. grandis – P. granulatostellulata – P. greenwayi – P. guanajuatensis – P. halimoides – P. hatschbachii – P. hereroensis – P. heterophylla – P. hirsutissima – P. hoehnei – P. howellii – P. humilis – P. impolita – P. insignis – P. irwinii – P. johnstonii – P. kermesina – P. kuriensis – P. lanuginosa – P. lutea – P. macbridei – P. macrantha – P. macrorhiza – P. macrosperma – P. masonii – P. massaica – P. matthewsii – P. mauritiensis – P. mexicana – P. meyeri – P. minensis – P. minuta – P. molokiniensis – P. monanthoides – P. mucronata – P. mucronulata – P. nicaraguensis – P. nitida – P. nivea – P. nogalensis – P. oblonga – P. obtusa – P. obtusifolia – P. okinawensis – P. oleracea – P. oligosperma – P. olosirwa – P. papulifera – P. papulosa – P. paucistaminata – P. perennis – P. peteri – P. philippii – P. pilosa – P. pusilla – P. pygmaea – P. quadrifida – P. ragonesii – P. ramosa – P. ramosissima – P. rausii – P. rhodesiana – P. rotundifolia – P. rubricaulis – P. rzedowskiana – P. samhaensis – P. sanctaemartae – P. sardoa – P. sativa – P. saxifragoides – P. sclerocarpa – P. sedifolia – P. sedoides – P. sicula – P. smallii – P. socotrana – P. somalica – P. stellulato-tuberculata – P. striata – P. stuhlmannii – P. suffrutescens – P. teretifolia – P. thellusonii – P. tingoensis – P. trituberculata – P. tuberculata – P. umbraticola – P. werdermannii – P. wightiana – P. yecorensis – P. zaffranii
Name

Portulaca L. Sp. Pl. 1: 445. (1753)

Type species: Portulaca oleracea L. Sp. Pl. 1: 445. (1753)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Halimus P.Browne, Nat. Hist. Jamaica, ed. 1 206. (1756)
Type: "Halimus minimus foliolis oblongis succulentis tumentibus, summis ramulis dentissime sitis" (= Portulaca halimoides L.)
Meridiana L.f. Suppl. Pl. 248. (1782)
Lemia Vand. Fl. Lusit. Brasil. Spec. 35, t. 2. f. 15. (1788)
Merida Neck. Elem. Bot. (Necker) 2: 382. (1790); nom. inval. Published in opera utiq. oppr. See ICBN (2006), App. VI: 483
Lamia Vand. ex Endl. Gen. Pl. [Endlicher] 949, in syn. (1839)
Sedopsis (Endl.) Exell & Mendonça Consp. Fl. Angol. i. 116 (1937)

References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 445.
Hassler, M. 2017. Portulaca. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2017. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Apr. 2. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Portulaca. Published online. Accessed: Apr. 2 2017.
Nyffeler, R. & Eggli, U. 2010. Disintegrating Portulacaceae: A new familial classification of the suborder Portulacineae (Caryophyllales) based on molecular and morphological data. Taxon 59(1): 227–240. Abstract. Full text (PDF). Reference page.
Ocampo, G. 2013. Morphological characterization of seeds in Portulacaceae. Phytotaxa 141(1): 1–24. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.141.1.1 Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2017. Portulaca. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Apr. 2.

Vernacular names
العربية: بقلة
azərbaycanca: Pərpərən
беларуская: Партулак
čeština: Šrucha
dansk: Portulak
Deutsch: Portulak
English: Purslane
Esperanto: Portulako
فارسی: خرفه
suomi: Portulakat
hornjoserbsce: Portłak
հայերեն: դանդուռ
Bahasa Indonesia: Krokot
Jawa: Krokot
ქართული: დანდური
қазақша: Қараот
kurdî: Pirpîrîn
Nederlands: Postelein
polski: Portulaka
русский: Портулак
slovenčina: Portulaka
svenska: Portlaker
Tagalog: Kulasiman
українська: Портулак
Tiếng Việt: Chi Rau sam
中文(简体): 马齿苋属
中文(繁體): 馬齒莧屬
中文(台灣): 馬齒莧屬
中文: 马齿苋属

Portulaca (/ˌpɔːrtjuːˈleɪkə/,[3] is the type genus of the flowering plant family Portulacaceae, with over 100 species, found in the tropics and warm temperate regions. They are known as the purslanes.
Portulaca 'All Aglow'
Portulaca grandiflora 'Bicolor'

Common purslane (Portulaca oleracea) is widely consumed as an edible plant, and in some areas it is invasive. Portulaca grandiflora is a well-known ornamental garden plant. Purslanes are relished by chickens. Some Portulaca species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the nutmeg moth (Hadula trifolii).
Contents

1 Species
1.1 Formerly placed here
2 Gallery
3 References
4 External links

Species

The following species are accepted:[2]

Portulaca africana (Danin & H.G.Baker) Danin
Portulaca almeviae Ocampo
Portulaca amilis Speg. – Paraguayan purslane
Portulaca anceps A.Rich.
Portulaca argentinensis Speg.
Portulaca aurantiaca Proctor
Portulaca australis Endl.
Portulaca badamica S.R.Yadav & Dalavi
Portulaca bicolor F.Muell. – Australian pigweed
Portulaca biloba Urb. – Cuban purslane
Portulaca brevifolia Urb.
Portulaca bulbifera M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca californica D.Legrand
Portulaca canariensis Danin & Reyes-Bet.
Portulaca cardenasiana D.Legrand – Puerto Rican purslane
Portulaca caulerpoides Britton & P.Wilson
Portulaca centrali-africana R.E.Fr.
Portulaca chacoana D.Legrand
Portulaca ciferrii Chiov.
Portulaca clavigera R.Geesink
Portulaca colombiana D.Legrand
Portulaca commutata M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca confertifolia Hauman
Portulaca conoidea S.M.Phillips
Portulaca constricta M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca conzattii P.Wilson
Portulaca coralloides S.M.Phillips
Portulaca cryptopetala Speg.
Portulaca cubensis Britton & P.Wilson
Portulaca cyclophylla F.Muell.
Portulaca cypria Danin
Portulaca daninii Galasso, Banfi & Soldano
Portulaca decipiens Poelln.
Portulaca decorticans M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca dhofarica M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca diegoi Mattos
Portulaca digyna F.Muell.
Portulaca dodomaensis M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca echinosperma Hauman
Portulaca edulis Danin & Bagella
Portulaca elatior Mart. ex Rohrb.
Portulaca elongata Rusby
Portulaca eruca Hauman
Portulaca erythraeae Schweinf.
Portulaca fascicularis Peter
Portulaca filifolia F.Muell.
Portulaca filsonii J.H.Willis
Portulaca fischeri Pax
Portulaca fluvialis D.Legrand
Portulaca foliosa Ker Gawl.
Portulaca fragilis Poelln.
Portulaca frieseana Poelln.
Portulaca fulgens Griseb.
Portulaca gilliesii Hook.
Portulaca giuliettiae T.Vieira & A.A.Coelho
Portulaca goiasensis T.Vieira & A.A.Coelho
Portulaca gracilis Poelln.
Portulaca grandiflora Hook. – moss-rose purslane
Portulaca grandis Peter
Portulaca granulatostellulata (Poelln.) Ricceri & Arrigoni
Portulaca greenwayi M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca guanajuatensis Ocampo
Portulaca halimoides L. – silkcotton purslane
Portulaca hatschbachii D.Legrand
Portulaca hereroensis Schinz
Portulaca heterophylla Peter
Portulaca hirsutissima Cambess.
Portulaca hoehnei D.Legrand
Portulaca howellii (D.Legrand) Eliasson
Portulaca humilis Peter
Portulaca impolita (Danin & H.G.Baker) Danin
Portulaca insignis Steyerm.
Portulaca intraterranea J.M.Black
Portulaca johnstonii Henrickson
Portulaca juliomartinezii Ocampo
Portulaca kermesina N.E.Br.
Portulaca kuriensis M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca lakshminarasimhaniana S.R.Yadav & Dalavi
Portulaca lutea Sol. ex G.Forst. – yellow purslane
Portulaca macbridei D.Legrand
Portulaca macrantha Ricceri & Arrigoni
Portulaca macrorhiza R.Geesink
Portulaca macrosperma D.Legrand
Portulaca masonii D.Legrand
Portulaca massaica S.M.Phillips
Portulaca matthewsii Ocampo
Portulaca mauritiensis Poelln.
Portulaca mexicana P.Wilson
Portulaca meyeri D.Legrand
Portulaca minensis D.Legrand
Portulaca minuta Correll
Portulaca molokiniensis Hobdy – ʻIhi
Portulaca monanthoides Lodé
Portulaca mucronata Link
Portulaca mucronulata D.Legrand
Portulaca nicaraguensis (Danin & H.G.Baker) Danin
Portulaca nitida (Danin & H.G.Baker) Ricceri & Arrigoni
Portulaca nivea Poelln.
Portulaca nogalensis Chiov.
Portulaca oblonga Peter
Portulaca obtusa Poelln.
Portulaca obtusifolia D.Legrand
Portulaca okinawensis E.Walker & Tawada
Portulaca oleracea L. – common purslane, pigweed
Portulaca oligosperma F.Muell.
Portulaca olosirwa S.M.Phillips
Portulaca papillatostellulata (Danin & H.G.Baker) Danin
Portulaca papulifera D.Legrand
Portulaca papulosa Schltdl.
Portulaca paucistaminata Poelln.
Portulaca perennis R.E.Fr.
Portulaca peteri Poelln.
Portulaca philippii I.M.Johnst.
Portulaca pilosa L. – shaggy purslane
Portulaca psammotropha Hance
Portulaca pusilla Kunth
Portulaca pygmaea Steyerm.
Portulaca quadrifida L. – chickenweed purslane
Portulaca ragonesei D.Legrand
Portulaca ramosa Peter
Portulaca rausii Danin
Portulaca rhodesiana R.A.Dyer & E.A.Bruce
Portulaca rotundifolia R.E.Fr.
Portulaca rubricaulis Kunth – redstem purslane
Portulaca rzedowskiana Ocampo
Portulaca samhaensis A.G.Mill.
Portulaca samoensis Poelln.
Portulaca sanctae-martae Poelln.
Portulaca sardoa Danin, Bagella & Marrosu
Portulaca saxifragoides Welw. ex Oliv.
Portulaca sclerocarpa A.Gray – ʻIhi makole
Portulaca sedifolia N.E.Br.
Portulaca sedoides Welw. ex Oliv.
Portulaca sicula Danin, Domina & Raimondo
Portulaca smallii P.Wilson – Small's purslane
Portulaca socotrana Domina & Raimondo
Portulaca somalica N.E.Br.
Portulaca stellulatotuberculata Poelln.
Portulaca stuhlmannii Poelln.
Portulaca suffrutescens Engelm. – shrubby purslane
Portulaca suffruticosa Wight
Portulaca sundaensis Poelln.
Portulaca thellusonii Lindl.
Portulaca tingoensis J.F.Macbr.
Portulaca trianthemoides Bremek.
Portulaca trituberculata Danin, Domina & Raimondo
Portulaca tuberculata León
Portulaca tuberosa Roxb.
Portulaca umbraticola Kunth – wingpod purslane
Portulaca werdermannii Poelln.
Portulaca wightiana Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Portulaca yecorensis Henrickson & T.Van Devender
Portulaca zaffranii Danin

Formerly placed here

Anacampseros arachnoides (Haw.) Sims (as P. arachnoides Haw.)
Anacampseros filamentosa subsp. filamentosa (as P. filamentosa Haw.)
Anacampseros lanceolata subsp. lanceolata (as P. lanceolata Haw.)
Anacampseros rufescens (Haw.) Sweet (as P. rufescens Haw.)
Anacampseros telephiastrum DC. (as P. anacampseros L.)
Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. (as P. portulacastrum L.)
Talinum fruticosum (L.) Juss. (as P. fruticosa L. or P. triangularis Jacq.)
Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn. (as P. paniculata Jacq. or P. patens L.)

References

"Genus: Portulaca L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1998-04-28. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
"Portulaca L." Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 22 June 2021.
"Portulaca". Oxford English Dictionary (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or participating institution membership required.)

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