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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales

Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Amygdaloideae
Tribus: Amygdaleae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: P. subg. Amygdalus
Species: Prunus bucharica
Name

Prunus bucharica (Korsh.) Hand.-Mazz.
References

Ann. Naturhist. Hofmus. Wien 27:70. 1913
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Prunus bucharica is a species of wild almond native to Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, preferring to grow at 1000-1800 m above sea level. Long thought to be one of the wild species that contributed to the origin of the cultivated almond (Prunus dulcis), genetic testing of both nuclear and chloroplast DNA has shown that to be untrue; the closest relative (and presumed lone ancestor) of Prunus dulcis is Prunus fenzliana.[3][4]
Description

Prunus bucharica is a tall shrub or small tree between 1.5 and 7 m tall. Prunus bucharica differs from all other almonds in having broadly ovate leaves and a completely smooth endocarp.[5]
References

Korsh. Bull. Acad. Petersb., ser. 5, 14: 92. 1901
Ann, Sci. Nat. ser. 6, 16: 281. 1883.
Zeinalabedini, M.; Khayam-Nekoui, M.; Grigorian, V.; Gradziel, T.M.; Martínez-Gómez, P. (26 July 2010). "The origin and dissemination of the cultivated almond as determined by nuclear and chloroplast SSR marker analysis". Scientia Horticulturae. 125 (4): 593–601. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2010.05.007.
"Prunus bucharica (Bokhara almond)".
Yazbek, Mariana Mostafa (February 2010). Systematics of Prunus Subgenus Amygdalus: Monograph and Phylogeny (PDF) (PhD). Cornell University.

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