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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordoo: Rosales

Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Amygdaloideae
Tribus: Amygdaleae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: P. subg. Amygdalus
Sectio: P. sect. Persica
Species: Prunus davidiana
Varietates: P. d. var. davidiana – P. d. var. potaninii
Name

Prunus davidiana (Carrière) Franch. (1883)
Synonyms

Basionym
Persica davidiana Carrière, Rev. Hort. 1872: 74, f. 10. 1872.

Homotypic
Amygdalus davidiana (Carrière) de Vos ex Henry, Rev. Hort. 1902: 290 f. 120. 1902.
Amygdalus davidiana (Carrière) T.T.Yu, Taxonomy of the fruit trees in China 29: 6. 1979, comb. superfl.
Armeniaca sibirica var. davidiana (Carrière) Y.C.Chu, Pl. Medic. Chinae Bor.-orient. (ed. Zhu You Chang) 502. 1989.
Prunus persica var. davidiana (Carrière) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 29(1): 81–82. 1883.
Prunus sibirica var. davidiana (Carrière) Y.L.Chou, Ligneous Fl. Heilongjiang 308. 1986.

References

Franchet, A.R. 1883. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 5: 265. ( 1884 Pl. david. 1103.)
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Prunus davidiana[4][5][6][3] (syn. Amygdalus davidiana,[1] Persica davidiana,[1][4] Prunus persica var. davidiana)[1] is a species in the genus Prunus in the family Rosaceae. It is also known by the common names David's peach[1][5] and Chinese wild peach.[1] It is native to China, preferring to grow in forests and thickets, on slopes in mountain valleys, and in waste fields, from 800 to 3200 m.[4][5] It is resistant to frost, and to a number of pests and diseases of cultivated peach, and is the subject of many studies for the genetic improvement of peaches.

Description

Deciduous, upright tree.[4][5]

Height and Spread: Reaches a maximum height and spread of 9 m (30 ft) by 9 m (30 ft).[5]
Branches: Young branches whippy, upright,[5] and smooth.[4]
Bark: smooth, dark purplish-red
Leaves: Dark green,[5] glabrous leaves are lanceolate-narrow ovate in shape, ranging in length from 5–12 cm (2–5 in).[4] Leaf point is long and slender, tapering to a point;[4][5] leaf margins finely toothed.[4][5] Petioles are glandular.[4]
Inflorescences: Flowers in late winter-early spring[5] or in February.[4]
Flowers: 2.5 cm (1 in) wide[4] and white to pale pink[5] to rosy[4] in color.
Pedicels: Very short.[4]
Fruit: Yellow, furry, edible.[5]

Cultivation

Fully hardy. Prefers full sun.[5] In China it is largely used as an ornamental, and the fruit is eaten but not prized. In peach growing regions throughout the world it is used as a source of rootstocks.
Varieties

P. davidiana var. alba has white flowers.[4]
P. davidiana var. rubra has deep rosy-colored flowers.[4]

Etymology

Prunus is the ancient Latin name for plum trees. Davidiana is named for L'Abbé Armand David (1826-1900), a missionary and collector of Chinese plants.[7]
References

Rhodes, L.; Pollard, R.P.; Maxted, N. (2016). "Amygdalus davidiana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T50018774A50018778. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T50018774A50018778.en. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
Ligneous Fl. Heilongjiang 308. 1986
"Prunus davidiana (CarriŠre) Franch. — the Plant List".
Chittenden, Fred J., Synge, Patrick M., editors. 1977. “The Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening”, edn. 2, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198691068. Volume 3, pp. 1696
Hogan, Sean, chief consultant. 2003, 2004. "Flora A Gardener's Encyclopedia", Global Nook Publishing Pty Ltd, Timber Press. ISBN 0881925381. Volume 2, pp. 1093
"Prunus davidiana | David's peach/RHS Gardening".
Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 135, 316

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