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Puschkinia scilloides

Puschkinia scilloides

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Scilloideae
Tribus: Hyacintheae
Subtribus: Hyacinthinae
Genus: Puschkinia
Species: Puschkinia scilloides
Name

Puschkinia scilloides Adams, Nova Acta Acad. Sci. Imp. Petrop. Hist. Acad. 14: 164. 1805.

Lectotypus (designated by Mordak, Nov. Sist. Vyss. Rast. 35: 70. 2003): “Ex Caucaso iberico. Comm. Adam” (Holotypus: LE).

Synonyms

Homotypic
Adamsia scilloides (Adams) Willd., Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 2: 16. 1808.
Heterotypic
Puschkinia libanotica Zucc., Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 3: 238. 1843.
Puschkinia scilloides var. libanotica (Zucc.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 310. 1884.
Puschkinia hyacinthoides Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 435. 1870.
Puschkinia sicula Van Houtte, Ann. Gén. Hort. 21: 117. 1875.

Homonyms

Puschkinia scilloides Sieber, Reise Kreta 2: 319. 1823, nom. illeg. = Scilla nana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Speta, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 119: 14. 1971.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Middle Europe
Czechoslovakia (introduced).
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Caucasus
North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
Regional: Western Asia
Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Turkey.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Adams, J.M.F. 1805. Descriptio Novi Plantarum Generis. Nova Acta Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae. Praecedit Historia ejusdem Academiae 14(1): 164–166. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Mordak, E.V. 2003. Conspectus generum Hyacinthus L., Hyacinthella Schur et Puschkinia Adams (Hyacinthaceae) florae Rossiae et civitatum collimitanearum. Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 35: 63–72. [in Russian]. Full issue PDF. Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Puschkinia scilloides in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Dec 2. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Puschkinia scilloides. Published online. Accessed: Jan. 31 2019.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Puschkinia scilloides in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Dec 2. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2019. Puschkinia scilloides. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 31 Jan. 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Puschkinia scilloides in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Vernacular names
suomi: Posliinihyasintti

Puschkinia scilloides, commonly known as striped squill[3] or Lebanon squill,[4] is a bulbous perennial, native to Western Asia and the Caucasus.[1]

Description

Puschkinia scilloides is a small bulbous plant, growing to about 10–15 cm (4–6 in) tall. It has two narrow basal leaves that widen towards the tips (oblanceolate). The inflorescence appears in early spring and is a dense raceme with up to 20 flowers. The flowers are pale blue with a darker blue line in the centre of each tepal. A characteristic of the genus Puschkinia is a small cup surrounding the stamens and style.[5]
Close-up of flower
Distribution and habitat

Puschkinia scilloides is native to Western Asia (Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Iran) and the Caucasus (North Caucasus and the Transcaucasus).[1] It is grows in alpine meadows near the snowline.[5]
Cultivation

Puschkinia scilloides is cultivated as an ornamental bulbous plant, where it may be grown in a rock garden. A cool position in well drained soil is recommended.[5]
References

"Puschkinia scilloides", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2017-05-05
"Puschkinia scilloides Adams", Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2022-04-06
"Puschkinia scilloides", Plant Finder, Missouri Botanical Garden, retrieved 2019-03-30
Larson, Barbara (2002), Spring Bulbs, University of Illinois, archived from the original on 2019-05-12, retrieved 2019-03-30
Mathew, Brian (1987), "Puschkinia", The Smaller Bulbs, London: B.T. Batsford, p. 145, ISBN 978-0-7134-4922-8

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