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3922-Quercus x turneri 'Pseudoturneri'-Arb.Brno-10.12

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fagales

Familia: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Species: Quercus × turneri
Name

Quercus × turneri Willd., 1809

Formula hybridae: Quercus ilex L. × Quercus robur L.

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Quercus × aizoon Koehne, Gartenflora 53: 657 (1904), nom. superfl.
Quercus × pseudoturneri C.K.Schneid., Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 200 (1904).
Quercus × turneri var. pseudoturneri (C.K.Schneid.) Elwes & A.Henry, Trees Great Britain 5: 1288 (1910).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Spain

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Willdenow, C.L. 1809. Enumeratio plantarum horti regii botanici berolinensis, continens descriptiones omnium vegetabilium in horto dicto cultorum. VI + 1099 pp. In taberna Libraria Scholae realis, Berolini [Berlin]. BHL Biblioteca Digital Reference page. : 2:975.

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. & Frodin, D. 1998. World Checklist and Bibliography of Fagales (Betulaceae, Corylaceae, Fagaceae and Ticodendraceae). VIII + 408 p. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-900347-46-6. Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Quercus × turneri in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 05. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Quercus × turneri in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 05. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Quercus × turneri. Published online. Accessed: Jul 05 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Quercus × turneri. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 05.
Hassler, M. 2021. Quercus × turneri. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 05. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Quercus × turneri. Accessed: 05 Jul 2021.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Quercus × turneri in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
magyar: Turner-tölgy

Quercus × turneri (or Quercus turneri), known as Turner's oak, is a hybrid species of white oak native to Spain.[2] It is a naturally occurring hybrid of holm oak (Quercus ilex) and pedunculate oak (Quercus robur), found where their ranges overlap, but was first described from cultivation. A semi-evergreen tree of small to medium size with a rounded crown; it was originally raised at the Holloway Down Nursery of Spencer Turner, Leyton, Essex, UK, noted by the zoologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck at Trianon, Versailles in 1783, as the chêne de turnère.[3] (Turner had died in January 1776, and the nursery grounds, on extended lease, returned to the landowner.)[4] An early specimen was planted at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in 1798; it was uprooted in the Great Storm of 1987 but resettled in the ground and then increased its healthy growth.[5] Its 'Pseudoturneri' cultivar has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[6]
References

Enum. Pl.: 975 (1809)
"Quercus × turneri Willd". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
Henry John Elwes, The Trees of Great Britain and Ireland, s.v. "Quercus", p. 1189.
Turner's will, PRO
"Kew: Plants: Turner's Oak, Quercus x turneri". Rbgkew.org.uk. 1987-10-16. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved 2012-05-02.
"Quercus × turneri 'Pseudoturneri'". Retrieved 25 September 2020. "Synonyms Quercus × hispanica 'Pseudoturneri' Quercus × pseudoturneri"

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