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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Gesneriaceae
Subfamilia: Didymocarpoideae
Tribus: Trichosporeae
Subtribus: Ramondinae
Genus: Ramonda
Species: R. heldreichii – R. myconi - R. nathaliae – R. serbica

Name

Ramonda Rich. in Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 216 (1805), nom. cons.
Synonyms

Heterotypic
Chaixia Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrenées Suppl. 38 (1818).
Lobirota Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées 430 (1867).
Myconia Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrenées 115 (1813).
Jancaea Boiss., Pl. Orient. Nov. 1: 4 (1875) [8 Feb 1875].
Jankaea Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(1): 82 (1875) [Sep–Oct 1875].

References

Persoon, C.H. 1805. Synopsis plantarum, seu enchiridium botanicum, complectens enumerationem systematicam specierum hucusque cognitarum. Pars prima. XII+546 pp. Apud Carol. Frid. Cramerum, Parisiis Lutetiorum [Paris]; Apud J.G. Cottam, Tubingae [Tübingen]. BHL Biblioteca Digital Reference page.

Additional references

Weber, A., Middleton, D.J. & Clark, J.L. 2020. Keys to the infrafamilial taxa and genera of Gesneriaceae. Rheedia: Journal of the Indian Association for Angiosperm Taxonomy 30(1): 05-47. DOI: 10.22244/rheedea.2020.30.01.02 PDF Reference page.

Links
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Ramonda in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 July 11. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2020. Ramonda. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2020 July 11. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Ramonda. Published online. Accessed: July 11 2020.
Tropicos.org 2020. Ramonda. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 11 July 2020.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Ramonda in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 23 February 2009

Ramonda is a genus of four species of flowering plants in the family Gesneriaceae, native to shady, rocky places in north eastern Spain, the Pyrenees and south eastern Europe. They are evergreen poikilohydryc perennials which form rosettes of crinkly leaves with nearly actinomorphic flowers,[2] borne on leafless stems in spring.[3]

The genus is named after the French botanist and explorer Louis Ramond de Carbonnières, who was among the first to explore the high Pyrenees.[4]
Species

As of April 2021, Plants of the World Online accepted the following species, including one transferred from the former monotypic genus Jankaea:[1]

Ramonda heldreichii (Boiss.) C.B.Clarke, syn. Jankaea heldreichii
Ramonda myconi (L.) Rchb., syn. R. pyrenaica
Ramonda nathaliae Pancic & Petrovic
Ramonda serbica Pancic

References

"Ramonda Rich". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
G. Theissen & K. Kaufmann (2006). "Molecular developmental genetics and the evolution of flowers". In Brian R. Jordan (ed.). The Molecular Biology and Biotechnology of Flowering (2nd ed.). CAB International. pp. 124–149. ISBN 978-1-84593-042-4.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1-4053-3296-5.
Coombes, Allen J. (2012). The A to Z of plant names. USA: Timber Press. pp. 312. ISBN 978-1-60469-196-2.

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