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Ramonda myconi

Ramonda myconi (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Gesneriaceae
Subfamilia: Didymocarpoideae
Tribus: Trichosporeae
Subtribus: Ramondinae
Genus: Ramonda
Species: Ramonda myconi

Ramonda myconi (L.) Rchb., Fl. germ. excurs. 388. 1831-1832.

Chaixia myconi (L.) Lapeyr.
Lobirota pyrenaica Dulac
Myconia borraginea Lapeyr.
Ramonda chloropoda Jord.
Ramonda crenulata Jord.
Ramonda floribunda Jord.
Ramonda lobulosa Jord.
Ramonda micoi Pau
Ramonda scapiflora J.St.-Hil.
Verbascum alpinum Salisb.
Verbascum myconi L.

Native distribution areas:
Primary references

Reichenbach, H.G.L., 1831. Flora Germanica Excursoria 388.

Additional references

Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Ramonda myconi in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Aug 28. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Ramonda myconi. Published online. Accessed: Aug 28 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Ramonda myconi. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Aug 28.
Hassler, M. 2021. Ramonda myconi. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Aug 28. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Ramonda myconi. Accessed: 28 Aug 2021.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Ramonda myconi in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: Pyreneean Ramonda
suomi: Pyreneittenramonda
français: Ramondie des Pyrénées

Ramonda myconi, the Pyrenean-violet[2] or rosette mullein, syn. R. pyrenaica, is a species of flowering plant in the family Gesneriaceae, which is a relictual endemite of shady, rocky places in the Pyrenees and north eastern Spain. It is a rosette-forming evergreen perennial growing to 10 cm (4 in) high by 20 cm (8 in) broad, with oval, crinkled leaves. Five-petalled purple flowers with prominent yellow anthers appear on leafless stems in spring.[3][4]

The plant is cultivated, for instance in vertical crevices where its roots are not subject to winter wetness. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5][6]

The Ramonda myconi are a Mediterranean endemic species, meaning that the species is native to that geographic region. This species of flowering plant is isolated to the rocky terrains that border France and Spain. This species also belongs to a group known as resurrection plants.[7] This means they can survive or tolerate severe desiccation or drought.


The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 3 October 2015
BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
"NARGS Wiki - Plant of the month June 2009 Ramonda myconi". Retrieved 30 May 2013.
"RHS Plant Selector - Ramonda myconi". Retrieved 17 February 2021.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 84. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
Dubreuil, Marta (1 May 2008). "Genetic structure and diversity in Ramonda myconi(Gesneriaceae): Effects of historical climate change on a preglacial relict species". American Journal of Botany. 95 (5): 10, 577–587. doi:10.3732/ajb.2007320. Retrieved 28 October 2021.

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