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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Gnaphalieae
Genus: Raoulia
Species: R. australis – R. buchananii – R. cinerea – R. glabra – R. haastii – R. hookeri – R. monroi – R. parkii – R. petriensis – R. petrimia – R. subsericea – R. tenuicaulis
Name

Raoulia Hook.f. ex Raoul Choix Pl. Nouv.-Zelande 20. (1846)

Type species: Raoulia australis Hook.f. ex Raoul

Synonyms

Psychrophyton Beauverd
Gnaphalium section Psychrophyton (Hook.f. ex Raoul) Baillon

References

Hooker, J.D. 1846. Choix de Plantes de la Nouvelle-Zélande 20.
Hassler, M. 2018. Raoulia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Apr. 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Raoulia. Published online. Accessed: May 1 2018.
Tropicos.org 2014. Raoulia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Mar. 17.
Ward, J.M. 1993. Systematics of New Zealand Inuleae (Compositae-Asteraceae)—2 A numerical phenetic study of Raoulia in relation to allied genera. New Zealand Journal of Botany 31(1): 29-42. DOI: 10.1080/0028825X.1993.10419532 Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Vegetable Sheep

Raoulia is a genus of New Zealand plants in the Gnaphalieae ( pussy's-toes ) tribe within the daisy family.[2][3]

Many Raoulia species grow in alpine areas, forming very fine and dense growths.[4] These compact growths form large amorphous cushion-like masses with only the growing tips visible. Due to their shape and form, the plant clusters resemble sheep from afar, this giving them their alternate name, vegetable sheep.[5]

The range of some species, such as Raoulia beauverdii, includes coastal places.[6]

Taxonomy

Species[1][7]

Raoulia albosericea
Raoulia apicinigra
Raoulia australis
Raoulia beauverdii
Raoulia bryoides
Raoulia buchananii
Raoulia catipes
Raoulia chiliastra
Raoulia cinerea
Raoulia eximia
Raoulia glabra
Raoulia goyenii
Raoulia grandiflora
Raoulia haastii
Raoulia hectorii
Raoulia hookeri
Raoulia mammillaris
Raoulia monroi
Raoulia parkii
Raoulia petriensis
Raoulia planchonii
Raoulia rubra
Raoulia subsericea
Raoulia subulata
Raoulia tenuicaulis
Raoulia youngii

Formerly included[1]

Argyrotegium mackayi (Raoulia mackayi)

Cultivation

Slow spreading, flat rock garden plant with silver-gray, almost moss-like, foliage.

sun: full sun, part shade
height: 2 inches
width: spreads to around 1 ft.
water: regular
hardiness: 20 °F according to one source, 35 degrees F according to another
heat tolerance: unknown

See also

Vegetable Lamb of Tartary (mythological plant)

References

Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
Hooker, Joseph Dalton ex Raoul, Étienne Fiacre Louis. 1846. Choix de plantes de la Nouvelle-Zelande page 20
Tropicos, Raoulia Hook. f. ex Raoul
Raoulia bryoides: Vegetable Sheep
"Vegetable sheep". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Te Ara. 1966. Archived from the original on 2021-07-15. Retrieved 2021-07-15.
"Raoulia beauverdii". New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
The Plant List search for Raoulia

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Biology Encyclopedia

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