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Salvia argentea

Salvia argentea (Photo: *)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: S. subg. Sclarea
Sectio: S. sect. Aethiopis
Species: Salvia argentea
Name

Salvia argentea L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 1: 38 (1762).
Synonyms

Homotypic
Sclarea argentea (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 15 (1768).
Heterotypic
Salvia alpestris Hausskn. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2, 1: 248 (1889).
Salvia argentea subsp. patula (Desf.) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 15: 90 (1924).
Salvia argentea var. gussonei Boiss. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 569 (1881), nom. inval.
Salvia argentea var. patula (Desf.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 569 (1881).
Salvia atlantica Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 29 (1805).
Salvia aurasiaca Pomel, Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 306 (1874).
Salvia patula Desf., Fl. Atlant. 1: 25 (1798).
Salvia rhodopea Velen., Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 1892: 388 (1893).
Salvia saccata Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 424 (1868).
Salvia suaveolens Pomel, Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 306 (1874).
Salvia tmolea Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 5: 9 (1844).

Homonyms

Salvia argentea Benth. = Salvia candidissima'' subsp. ''candidissima.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Portugal, Spain.
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Albania, Bulgaria, Greece,itzerland.html">Switzerland, Italy, Sicilia, Yugoslavia.
Continental: Africa
Regional: Northern Africa
Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia.
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Western Asia
East Aegean Islands, Turkey.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1762. Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus I, Ed. 2. Pp. [I–XVI], 1–784. Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm]. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page.
Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. 2012. Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du Nord. Volume 4: Dicotyledoneae: Fabaceae – Nymphaeaceae. Conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève, ISBN 978-2-8277-0126-1, 431 pp. PDF Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Salvia argentea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 08. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Salvia argentea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 08. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2022. Salvia argentea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 08 May 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Salvia argentea. Published online. Accessed: May 08 2022.
Euro+Med 2006 onwards: Salvia argentea in Euro+Med PlantBase – the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Published online. Accessed: 2015 Sept 13.
Castroviejo, S. et al. (eds.) 2015. Salvia argentea in Flora Ibérica. Plantas vasculares de la Península Ibérica, e Islas Baleares. Published online. Accessed: 2015 Sept 13. Reference page.

Vernacular names
беларуская: сребрист конски босилек
Deutsch: Silber-Salbei
English: Silver Sage
español: Salvia blanca
فارسی: قصعين فضى
suomi: Hopeasalvia
français: Sauge argentée
Nederlands: zilversalie
svenska: Silversalvia
Türkçe: Gümüş ada çayı

Salvia argentea, the silver sage,[1] silver salvia, or silver clary, is a biennial or short-lived perennial plant that is native to an area in southern Europe from Portugal to Bulgaria. Its Latin specific epithet argentea means "silvery", referring to the colour of the leaves.[2]
Description

Salvia argentea has a large spread of basal leaves that measure 1 m (3.3 ft) wide and 30 to 60 cm (0.98 to 1.97 ft) high. The individual leaves are 20 to 30 cm (7.9 to 11.8 in) long and 15 cm (5.9 in) wide. Both leaf surfaces are heavily covered with silky hairs that give it a wooly appearance. The leaves are soft to the touch, first emerging as a distinctive silvery white and then turning to grey-green after flowering. Cool weather in the autumn turns the leaves silvery again.[2]

Flowers appear in spring or summer on 60 to 90 cm (24 to 35 in) candelabra-like stalks that rise well above the foliage. The inconspicuous white flowers are tinged with yellow or pink. Cutting the flowers before they set seed results in a long-lived plant.[2]

Salvia argentea has received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3] It requires a south-facing position in full sun. Although hardy down to −15 °C (5 °F) it dislikes the combination of winter wet and freezing temperatures. It may therefore be short-lived.
References

USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Salvia argentea". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
Clebsch, Betsy; Barner, Carol D. (2003). The New Book of Salvias. Timber Press. pp. 36–37. ISBN 978-0-88192-560-9.
"Salvia argentea". www.rhs.org. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 5 March 2021.

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