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Salvia candelabrum

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: S. subg. Salvia
Sectio: S. sect. Salvia
Species: Salvia candelabrum
Name

Salvia candelabrum Boiss., 1838
Synonyms

Heterotypic
Salvia candelabriformis St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 134 (1880).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
S. Spain.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Boissier, P.E. 1838. Elenchus Plantarum Novarum minusque cognitarum quas in itinere hispanico legit. 94 pp. Geneve. BHL Reference page. : 72

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page.
Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 12: 1-650. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Salvia candelabrum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 08. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Salvia candelabrum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 08. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2022. Salvia candelabrum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 08 May 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Salvia candelabrum. Published online. Accessed: May 08 2022.

Vernacular names
español: Flor de adorno, matagallo macho, salima basta

Salvia candelabrum is a species of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae,[2] native to Spain. It is a woody-based perennial growing to 100 cm (39 in), with woolly grey-green leaves that resemble those of the common sage, S. officinalis, and emit a similar scent when crushed. In summer it bears violet-blue flowers on branching stems held high above the foliage.[3][4]

Diterpenes have been isolated from its green tissues.[5] From the aerial parts of Salvia candelabrum have been isolated β-sitosterol, nepeticin (lup-20(29)-ene-3j,lla-diol), candelabrone (11,12,14-trihydroxy-8,11,13-abietatriene-3,7-dione), the rearranged abietane diterpenoids candesalvone A (11,12,14-trihydroxy-19(4→3)-abeo-3,8,11,13-abietatetraen-7-one) and candesalvone B (11,12,14-trihydroxy-7-oxo-3,4-seco-4(18),8,11,13-abietatetraen-3-oic acid), and large amounts of ursolic and oleanolic acids. The root bark afforded 7α-acetoxyroyleanone, 12-O-methypisiferic acid and sugol.[6]

This plant has ornamental value in the garden, and has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[7][8]
Etymology

Salvia comes from Latin and means 'healer'[9] and is a cognate of the word 'salve'.

Candelabrum means 'candle-tree' or 'branched like a candelabra'.[9]
References

Buira, A.; García Murillo, P. (2017). "Salvia candelabrum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T103535435A103535439. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T103535435A103535439.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
"Salvia candelabrum Boiss". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. Retrieved September 5, 2020.
Bourne, Val. "Salvia candelabrum: How to grow". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
"Salvia candelabrum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
Janicsak, G., et al. (2003). Diterpenes from the aerial parts of Salvia candelabrum and their protective effects against lipid peroxidation. Planta medica. 69:12 p. 1156-1159
Mendes, et al. "DITERPENOIDS FROM Salvia candelabrum". Phytochemistry, Vol 28, No 6, pp 1685-1690, 1989
"RHS Plant Selector - Salvia candelabrum". Retrieved 5 March 2021.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 95. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 88, 339

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